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Municipal

town, officer, clerk, borough, medical and local

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MUNICIPAL APPOINTMENTS.—Municipal appointments are greatly sought after, as are appointments under all public bodies, for the reason that they give security of; tenure, fair working conditions, and substantial stipends, and generally carry with them a superannuation or pension. To-day there are many appointments available in the local municipal service, and the following gives a list with the qualifications necessary and the average rates of pay. Municipal appointments are frequently advertised locally, but many towns give wider publicity to vacancies, choosing local government and other journals which specially deal with affairs relating to the activities of the department in which the vacancy has occurred.

Town office of Town Clerk is generally given to members of the legal profession. There are, however, some instances where this qualification is not imposed, but these cases are few. The duties of the Clerk are somewhat numerous, especially in smaller boroughs where separate officers are not appointed to undertake the work of education and to control the finances. Owing to the abolition of School Boards and to the fact that the municipality is the governing body for education in county boroughs, Town Clerks have been obliged to guide their Councils and Education Committees upon the subject as well as the provisions of the Act of 1902—a much heavier task than that imposed by the former Education Act upon the Clerks to the School Boards. Where the district is large a separate officer has been appointed at a salary of ,fl50 a year and upwards to about £400 or 1)500. In towns of average size the Town Clerk keeps the whole of the accounts. In other instances a Borough Accountant is appointed.

Primarily the Town Clerk must be conversant with the provisions of the Local Government Acts, and the large class of legislation outside those Acts, particularly the Public Health Acts dealing with municipal affairs. He must attend the meetings of the Council, and, when appealed to, give advice upon legal questions affecting the duties of the Council. lie

prepares the agenda of the meetings, and is responsible for the reports of Committees, and is the chief executive officer of the town or county borough. Upon special civic occasions he generally appears in wig and gown, and it is his duty to read the text of royal and other addresses presented from time to time under the common seal of the municipality.

In a number of smaller boroughs the Town Clerk is still permitted to continue his private practice as a solicitor. The town usually reaps the advantage under such an arrangement by obtaining the services of an able man at a moderate fee, which also includes the services of his clerks, but the whole trend of modern administration is against a continuance of the system. When a whole-time officer is appointed, municipal offices and a staff of clerks are required for the use and assistance of the Town Clerk.

The salary of a Town Clerk varies with the size of a town and whether he is a whole-time servant or not. It may be as low as 42300, and is as high as £1500 and 1'2000.

Borough the office of Borough Treasurer iS included in that of the Borough Accountant or Comptroller, but is often held by a local bank with which the corporation's account is kept. In such circum stances no remuneration is paid for the treasurership as distinguished from the banking charges, if any. Some banks allow a small interest on the credit balances and charge interest on overdrafts.

Medical Officer of Health.—Every district, town, or city council must appoint a Medical Officer of Health, who has to be legally qualified in medicine, surgery, and midwifery. In districts with a population of 50,000 or upwards the Medical Officer must in addition possess a diploma in sanitary science, public health, or state medicine, or must have been Medical Officer for a district with 20,000 population during the years 1889 to 1891 inclusive, or for three years prior to August 1888 served the Local Govern ment Board as an inspector or Medical Officer.

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