Home >> Business Encyclopedia And Legal Adviser >> Rigging The to Specialisation In

Business Encyclopedia and Legal Adviser

Rigging The
Rigging The Is A Terni Popularly Used To Signify An Operation On The Stock Exchange For The Purpose Of Raising Shares To A Fictitious Value In The Market. The Parties To The Operation Hold, As A Rule, The Great Majority Of The Shares Issued By A Particular Company. They Arrange ...

Safety Of
Safety Of Ships.—if Any Person Sends -or Attempts To Send, Or Is Party To Sending Or Attempting To Send, A British Ship To Sea In Such An Unseaworthy State That The Life Of Any Person Is Likely To Be Thereby Endangered, Ile Is, In Respect Of Each Offence, Guilty Of ...

Sale Of
Sale Of Goods.—the Law On This Subject, For Scotland As Well As For England, Is Now Consolidated In The Well-known Sale Of Goods Act Of 1893. As So Consolidated It Is Presented In This Article. Preliminary Points.—interpretation Of Terms.—unless The Context Or The Subject-matter Of This Article Otherwise Requires, " ...

Sales
Sales. See Drapery Sales. Sales Promotion.---the Difficulty That Most Business Men Experi Ence Is To Increase Their Sales Without Paring Too High A Price For The Extra Turnover. It Is Comparatively Easy To Increase Sales At A Price, But It Is Difficult, In View Of Competition, To Obtain Fresh Business ...

Sales Results
Sales Results : A Competitive Scheme.—where The Selling Force Has An Interest In Securing The Greatest Possible Amount Of Business Month By Month, By Virtue Of Their Being Paid Wholly Or Partly On Commission, It Would Seem At First Sight That Nothing Beyond The Extra Commission Accruing From Extra Effort ...

Salesman And
Salesman And Commercial Representative Who Has To Depend For His Income Upon The Repeat Orders Coining From Old Customers Knows The Vital Importance Of Remaining On Good Terms With The Users Or Purchasers Of His Commodity. But Such Selling Men Form Only A Portion Of The Fraternity, The Remainder Being ...

Salesmans
Salesman's A Selling Force Exists It Will Pay To Gather Together From Every Available Source And On All Possible Occasions The Difficulties Met In Selling And The Means Of Overcoming Them, The Objections Raised By Prospective Purchasers, And How They Were Counter Acted. Notes Of Such A Kind, Brought Together ...

Salesmans_2
Salesman's Magazine.—wherever A Selling Force Exists Num Bering More Than Halt-a-dozen Men, It Will Pay To Spend Time Enough To Produce For Them A Mimeographed Sheet And Forward It With Regularity. Where The Number Rises To Twenty, A Printed Folder Can Be Afibrded ; And For Fifty Men Or Over, ...

Salesmen And Daily
Salesmen And Daily Reports.—in Addition To Making Out Orders Secured During The Day, Many Commercial Representatives Are Required To Make Out A Daily Report Dealing With Each Call Made, Or At Least With Every New Call. There Is Always A Difficulty With A Certain Percentage Of Men In Getting A ...

Salesmens
Salesmen's Meeting Together From Time To Time Of Department Heads And Members Of Selling Forces Has Resulted Where Tried In The Greatest Satisfaction, And There Have Been Remarkably Few Excep Tions To The Rule. Here And There, A Business May Be Of Such A Nature That It Is Better For ...

Salvage
Salvage Is A Term -used In Marine And Fire Insurance To Denote A Thing Saved From The Loss Insured Against. In This Article The Word Is Used, In Another Usual Sense, To Denote The Recompense Paid For Saving A Risk At Sea. It Also Means The Services Rendered In The ...

Samples
Samples : How To Show Thern.—the Methods Adopted By The Com Mercial Representatives Of To-day Are The Survival Of The Fittest In The Great Majority Of Cases. If The Samples To Be Shown Are Light, They Can Be Trans Ported By Hand In One Or More Cases Or Bags Adapted ...

Savings Banks
Savings Banks, As To Trustee Savings Banks, Are Regulated By The Trustee Savings Banks Acts, 1863 To 1891, And, As To The Post-office Savings Banks, By The Post-office Savings Banks Acts, 1861 To 1891. Trustee Savings Law On This Subject Is Much Too Extensive To Be Set Out With Any ...

Scots Licensing
Scots Licensing The Part Of The Exclusively Scots Law That Appeals Most Extensively To Both Business Men And To The General Public Is That Which Deals With The Trade In Excisable Liquors. Accordingly It Has Been Deemed Wise To Give Particular Attention In This Work To The.scots Law Of Licensing. ...

Scrip
Scrip Is A Provisional Certificate Given To The Subscriber To A Loan Issued By A Government, Corporation, Or Public Company, And Upon Which Certificate Is Indorsed A Receipt For The Payment Of Each Instalment Of The Subscription. When The Final Instalment Has Been Paid The Subscriber Is Entitled To A ...

Secretary
Secretary Of A Is Usual For Every Joint-stock Company To Have An Official, Known As The Secretary, By Whom It Is Represented In Its Transactions With The Public, The Officials Who Administer The Companies Acts, And The Shareholders. The Functions Of The Office, Though Always Of Consider Able Importance And ...

Sectional
Sectional Balancing.--in All But The Smallest Concerns Several Bookkeepers Are Necessary In Order To Keep Pace With Time Record Of Trans Actions ; This Involves A Corresponding Multiplication Of Ledgers If The Work Is To Proceed Smoothly, So That All May Be Simultaneously Suitably Employed, And In These Cases It ...

Selling
Selling Salesmanship Is A Term Used To Express The Selling Of One Particular Line Of Goods, Or Even A Single Article, To Persons Who, Generally Speaking, Do Not Retail The Same Again, But Retain It For Use In Their Own Businesses Or Homes. This Definition Of Specialty Salesmanship Makes Clear ...

Selling Men And Training
Selling Men And Training As A Profession Has Been Recognised In The United States Of America For A Long Time, Where, Indeed, It Is Regarded As One Of The Most Important Professions Of The Future. In That Country, Therefore, Is Found The Training School For Selling Men Brought To The ...

Sequestration
Sequestration In Scots Law.—the Aim Of A Sequestration Is To Vest In The Trustee In A Bankruptcy All The Estate Of The Bankrupt With A View To Its Realisation And Distribution Among His Creditors, According To Their Preferences, And To Afford Him, In A Proper Case, A Discharge From His ...

Servants Registries
Servants' Registries. See Appendix Ii. Sewers.—it Is Important To Note The Difference Between A Sewer And A Drain ; Sewers Are Under The Control Of The Local Authorities, While The Occupier Or Owner Of The Premises Is Responsible For The Drains. Such Is The Effect Of Section 13 Of The ...

Shipping Inquiries And Courts
Shipping Inquiries And Courts. Inquiries And Investigation As To Shipping Casualties.—where A Shipping Casualty, As Defined By Th Merchant Shipping Act, 1894, Has Occurred, A Preliminary Inquiry May Be Held By The Persons Therein Named, Who Have For The Purposes Of The Inquiry The Powers Of A Board Of Trade ...

Ships And Shipping
Ships And Shipping, Together With Other Related Matters Such As Seamen, Form The Subject Of The Merchant Shipping Acts. That Of 1894 And 1906 Are The Principal. Qualification For Owning British Ships.—a Ship Is Not A British Ship Unless Owned Wholly By Persons Of The Following Description, Namely : (a) ...

Shop
Shop : Opening The Modern Trader To-day Commences A New Business By Simply Opening Its Doors. A Great Eff4rt Is Made To Secure Attention For The New Enterprise, And To Make It Something In The Nature Of A Social Event. In The Old Days When Liptons Limited Were Opening, Up ...

Shop Salesman And
Shop-salesman And Oustomer.—every Employer Who Runs A Thriving Business And Every Salesman Employed In It Should Realise The Importance Of The Impression Made On The Customer By The Assistant Who Attends To His Wants. There Will Be No Difficulty About This If The Sales Man Can Be Induced To Realise ...

Shopping
Shopping A New Feature Of The Retail Trade Is The Development Of The Idea Implied By The Title, "a Shopping Week." Unless One Has Seen It In Operation, It Is Rather Difficult To Describe What Is Implied In This Connection. Generally Speaking, It Might He Explained As A Method Of ...

Shops
Shops (also Article In Vol. V.).—the Shops' Regulations Acts, 1892 To 1904, With The Regulations, Dated 13th February 1905, By The Home Secretary As To Early Closing Contain Much That Is Of Importance To Shopkeepers. Young Versons,—the Shop Hours' Act. 1892. Provides That No Voui Verson Under Eighteen Years Is ...

Shorthand
Shorthand The Beginner In Business There Is No Doubt That Shorthand Is A Valuable Asset, And No Youth Contemplatiig A Career Ought To Start Business _without. It. A Few Years Ago Shorthand Was An Undoubted Advantage, As The Study Of Various Systems Had Not Been Carried To Any Popular Extent. ...

Shorthand Writer
Shorthand Writer : How To Select A.—every Busy Business And Professional Man Can Appreciate The Time-saving Qualities Of An Efficient Stenographer, But There Are A Number Of Business Men Who Seem To Think That Any Stenographer Will Save Time. This Is A Delusion. The Poor Steno Grapher Wastes Time; And, ...

Sinking
Sinking Funds.—a Fund Created For Gradually Extinguishing Or Paying A Debt. Such Funds Are Frequently Found In Connection With National, Municipal, Railway, And Other Debts And Funds, And Their Principle Is Now Very Generally Adopted By Corporations And Persons Who Are Under An Obli Gation To Pay Off A Debt, ...

Situations
Situations : How To Interview.—when The Applicant For A Situa Tion Gets The Long-expected Letter Asking Him To Call, He Is Apt To Jump To The Conclusion That To All Intents And Purposes He Has Secured The Appointment. Many A Promising Appointment Has Been Lost In The Interview By The ...

Situations
Situations : How To Write For.--when Men Are Face To Face With The Necessity Of Getting Employment, The Question Of How To Write A Satisfactory Application Becomes An Important One. How Few Men Realise The Possibilities Of Writing With A View To Securing An Appointment Is Proved By The Employer ...

Situations_2
Situations : How To Interview.—when The Applicant For A Situa Tion Gets The Long-expected Letter Asking Him To Call, He Is Apt To Jump To The Conclusion That To All Intents And Purposes He Has Secured The Appointment. Many A Promising Appointment Has Been Lost In The Interview By The ...

Sky Signs
Sky-signs Are The Subject Of Special Legislation And Bye-laws In The County Of London. Outside That Area They Come For The Most Part Within The Provisions Of The General Law, As In The Public Health Acts Amendment Act 1907 And The Bye-laws Thereunder. In This Article The General Law, Applicable ...

Slaughter
Slaughter - The Public Health Act, 1875, An Urban Authority Has Power To Provide Slaughter-houses And Make Bye-laws With Respect To Their Management And Charges For Their Use. The Owner Or Occupier Of A Slaughter-house Must Obtain A Licence Therefor Or Register It, And, Within One Month After The Licensing ...

Smuggling And
Smuggling And Seizures.—in Order To Prevent Smuggling There Exist A Voluminous Body Of Statute Law And Regulations Thereunder, And A Vast Army Of Customs Officials To Watch Ships And Persons Passing To And Fro Between The United Kingdom And Foreign Countries And To Prevent Infractions Of The Law. And Those ...

Solicitor
Solicitor : How To Become Body That Controls The Admission, Training, And Examination Of Students Who Wish To Be Solicitors, As Well As The Discipline Of The Whole Profession, Is The Law Society, Chancery Lane, London, \v.c., To Whose Secretary Applications For Current Regula Tions Should Be Addressed. Given The ...

Solicitor
Solicitor : How To Become A.----the Body That Controls The Admission, Training, And Examination Of Students Who Wish To Be Solicitors, As Well As The Discipline Of The Whole Profession, Is The Law Society, Chancery Lane, London, W.c., To Whose Secretary Applications For Current Regula Tions Should Be Addressed. Given ...

Solicitor_2
Solicitor : When To Consult The.—many A Business Man Would Save Himself A Great Deal Of Worry And A Great Deal Of Expense If He Consulted His Lawyer When The Proper Occasion Demanded It. Some Business Men Pride Themselves On A Knowledge Of Law, But A Knowledge Of Law Which ...

Sone Miscellaneous Points On
Sone Miscellaneous Points On Circularising A Consumaable Difference Of Opinion Exists On The Question Of The Best Method Of Posting Circular-letters. Some Large Firms Sending Out Great Quantities Of Circulars, Consider That It Is Just As Successful To Send Them Under A Halfpenny Stanip As In Sealed Envelopes Under A ...

Special
Special A New Company.is Formed In Which There Are Any Stock Exchange Dealings, Present Or Prospective, It Is Necessary That There Should Be A " Special Settlement." This Means That A Day Is Appointed By The Committee Of The Stock Exchange Whereon All Prior Deal Ings In The Shares Are ...

Specialisation In
Specialisation In No Region Is Herbert Spencer's Statement, That Development Consists In Change From An Indefinite Incoherent Homogeneity To A Definite Coherent Heterogeneity, Truer Than In That Of Industry. The Change Takes Place By A Process Of Specialism Under The Direction Of Considerations Of Economy. But Increasing Specialism Is Not ...