UNHEALTHY AND DANGEROUS TRADES are thc subject of certain important provisions in the Factory Act, 1901, particularly in sections 79-86, whereunder the Home Secretary makes regulations for the safety of the workers in cases where he is " satisfied that any manufacture, machinery, plant, process or description of manual labour used in factories or workshops is dangerous or injurious to health or dangerous to life or limb, either generally or in the case of women, children, or any other class of persons." The Act also provides for the official notification of such diseases as lead, phosphorus, arsenical or mercurial poisoning or anthrax, when contracted in a factory or workshop; and for the ventilation by a fan in certain factories and work shops ; and for the provision and use of lavatories, and rooms for meals in certain dangerous trades, such as those where lead, arsenic, or any other poisonous substance is used. Certain special prohibitions may usefully be referred to in detail. Young persons and cannot be em ployed in the part of a factory or workshop in which there is carried onó (a) The process of silvering of mirrors by the mercurial process ; or (b) the process of making white lend. And no female, young person or child can be employed in the part of a factory in which the process of melting or annealing glass is carried on. Nor a girl under sixteen years of age in a factory or workshop in which there is carried onó(a) the making or finish ing of bricks or tiles not being ornamental tiles ; or (b) the making or finishing of salt. Nor any child in the part of a factory or workshop in
which there is carried on ó (a) any dry grinding in the metal trade ; or (b) the dipping of lucifer matches. Notice of these prohibitions must be affixed in the factory or workshop to which they apply. Meals are also prohibited to be taken in certain parts of factories and workshops. Sec FACTORIES.
time which, by usage, is allowed in various countries for the payment of a bill of exchange, and for which a bill is therefore usually drawn. Double, treble, or half usance is double, treble, or half the usual time. Fifteen clays is always the half of a month for the purpose of cal culating a half usance. The following is a this general term are included idle and disorderly persons, rogues and vagabonds, and incorrigible rogues. They are dealt with by the magistrates and fined or imprisoned, but incorrigible rogues can be committed to the sessions for a heaVier punishment. A petty chapman or pedlar who wanders about and trades without a licence is liable to conviction as an idle and disorderly person ; a person who went about vt ithout a licence bartering needles and other articles for rags and bones has been so convicted. And a person who exposes obscene prints, pictures, or other indecent exhibi tions may be convicted as a rogue and vagabond.