Home >> Chamber's Encyclopedia, Volume 4 >> Abraham Cowley to Cobra Da Capello >> Adam George Czartorysici

Adam George Czartorysici

russia, poland and lie

CZARTORYSICI, ADAM GEORGE, son of prince Adam Casimir C., of an ancient Polish house, sometimes (but wrongly) said to be sprung from the Jagellons (q.v.), was b. at Warsaw, 14th Jan.. 1770. Having completed an excellent education at Edinburgh and London, he returned to his native country, and took part against Russia in the war occurring on the second partition of Poland. On the defeat of the Poles, C. was taken to St. Petersburg as a hostage, and here lie exhibited so much ability and prudence as to gain the friendship of the grand duke Alexander, to whom he was attached, and the confidence of the emperor Paul, who made lum ambassador to Sardinia. When Alex ander ascended the throne, he appointed C. assistant to the minister of foreign affairs; and he took an active part in official life until after the peace of Tilsit. As curator of the university of Wilna, to which be was nominated in 1803 by Russia, he exerted all his influence to keep alive a spirit of nationality; and when some of the students were arrested ou a charge of sedition, and sent to Siberia, C. resigned his office.• His suc cessor reported to the emperor, that the amalgamation of Russia and Lithuania had been delayed a century by C.'s occupancy of the curatorship. Russian favors could not

deaden or even dull C.'s pure patriotism. Into the revolution of 1830 lie threw himself with all his heart. He was elected president of a provisional government, and in this capacity summoned a national diet, which met, and in Jan., 1831, declared the Polish throne vacant, and elected C. head of the national government. He immediately devoted half of his large estates to the public service, and adopted energetic measures to meet the power of Russia, hut in vain; the Poles were crushed, and C.—specially excluded from the general amnesty. and his estates in Poland confiscated—escaped to Paris, where lie afterwards resided, the liberal friend of his poor expatriated countrymen, and the center of their hope of a revived nationality. In 1848, he liberated all his serfs in Galicia, and during the Crimean war he ineffectually endeavored to induce the allies to identify the cause of Poland with that of Turkey. He died July, 1861.