COOKERY, ARMY, is now becoming an important feature in the English military sys tem. The sufferings in the Crimea in the winter of 1854-55 drew public attention to the subject; it was then found that C. was little understood by the British troops, and that the soldiers seldom had meat otherwise than boiled. M. Soyer was sent out by the gov ernment, principally to advise in reference to hospital a, but also to improve the system of camp C., so far as military routine would allow. He devised new forms of stoves, and constructed recipes for using to the best advantage all the :WM lable provisions for a camp. The officers at Sebastopol made a highly favorable report of Soyer's field-kitchen, a kind of camp stove, with a caldron holding 12-} gallons, two such stoves would easily cook for a company of 100 men; both could be carried by one mule, with sufficient dry wood for 3 days' fuel. Though mainly intended for boiling, the apparatus afforded facilities for many varieties of cooking. When 1I. Soyer returned to England, he made a few Improvements; and finally the apparatus presented itself as a sort of upright can, suita ble for boiling, steaming, baking, roasting, stewing, and making tea or coffee: with 14 lhs. of fuel, one of these would cook for 50 men; and if 20 such were placed near
together, 4 cooks could serve for 1000 men.
A committee which inquired on the subject of barrack economy some years ago, recommended that every large barrack should have a bakery with two ovens, where the men could learn to make and bake their own bread; and that the barrack-kitchens should be so furnished as to enable the men to bake their meat if so inclined, instead of being confined, as heretofore, almost wholly to boiled dinners. A school of C. has been formed at Aldershot, where men are trained to act as sergeant-cooks, of whom there is now one to each regiment. his duty is to superintend and direct the operations of the soldiers detailed from the several companies to net as cooks.
At various times in 1839 and 1860, certain highly ingenious forms of apparatus were tried, to test. the possibility of cooking for troops while the kitchen itself is on the march.. One of these inventions consists of a compact set of stoves and caldrons, fitted into a wagon, and has been found on trial to answer the purpose perfectly.