CLOTAIRF I. AND II., Kings of the Franks. See MEROVINGIANS.
a name common to a number of species of small moths of the genus tinea, the lame or caterpillars of which are extremely destructive to woolen clothes, furs, stuffed quadrupeds and birds, etc. Tined destructor is one of the most annoying of these insect pests. It is of a satiny buff color, the wings deflexed when at rest. The larva is about a quarter of an inch long, with only a few hairs, white, with a slate-coB ored line down the back, an ocherous head, and 16 legs. T tapezana has the upper wings black at the base, the rest of the wing white. T. sarcitella is another very com mon species of a silky gray color; the head, thorax, and base of the superior wings white; the wings folded flat on the back when at rest. The larva is covered with scat tered hairs. These moths are most abundant in the warmer seasons of the year, but their larm carry on their destructive operations even during winter. Guided by instinct, the female moth lays her eggs where the larvae may find their appropriate food, consisting of substances indigestible to almost every other creature; and the larva: being furnished with minute but strong and sharp jaws, not only begin to eat as soon as they are hatched, but to cut the fibers of the substances on which they feed into little bits, and to unite them by means of a glutinous silk of their own producing, so as to form for themselves cases, lined internally with silk; and in these they constantly abide, adding to them at the anterior end as their own increase of size requires, and also widening them, by slitting them down the middle, and mending them with additional materials. All this may be
beautifully observed by transferring the same moth-larva to different pieces of flannel, in succession, of different colors. The larva of tinea tapezana works its way through, woolen stuffs in an arched gallery, carrying its little case with it. T. pellionella makes similar tunnels in furs. T. granella is destructive to books as well as to grain. See CORN-. MOT1L The best means of preventingthe ravages of moths are perfect cleanliness, frequent, inspection of articles, and their exposure to light and air, Spirit of turpentine is used for killing them; the vapor arising from a sponge dipped in this liquid is fatal to such as it sufficiently reaches; they are also killed by the heat of a brisk fire or of an oven.