DELAROCHE, PALL, a historical painter, the head of the modern "eclectic" school of art in France, was b. in Paris in 1797, became a pupil of baron Gros, and between the years 1819 and 1823, acquired some note by painting subjects taken from Scripture, but first excited public admiration in 1324, by his " St. Vincent de Paul preaching in the Pres ence of Louis XIII.," and "Jeanne d'Are interrogated in Prison by Cardinal Beaufort." These exhibit the earliest indications of that style for which he afterwards became famous —a style which endeavored to unite the picturesqueness of the romantic with the dignity of the classic school of art. In 1820, D. produced his "Death of President Durante;" and in 1827, his "Death of Queen Elizabeth." These pictures greatly increased his reputa tion, but the last is reckoned a failure by English critics. In 1831, appeared his " Chil dren of Edward IV. in the Tower," a work of very high merit, but transcended, in this respect, by his " Cromwell contemplating the Corpse of Charles I." (1833), which is generally regarded as one of the first historical paintings of modern times. Both are well known in Britain through the medium of engravings. In 1834, appeared his " Execution of Lady Jane Grey;" and in 1837, his " Charles I. in the Guard-room Insulted
by the Parliamentary Soldiers," and his " Lord Strafford on the Way to Execution receiving the Blessing of Archbishop Laud." From this period until 1841, he was engaged on what is probably his grandest work—the series of paintings executed on the wall of the semicircular saloon of the ecole des beaux arts. This composition contains 74 figures, comprising the greatest sculptors, painters, and architects in all history, according to D.'s judgment. The style is simple, lofty, and chaste. Among his later works may be mentioned, " Bonaparte at St. Bernard" (1850), "Marie Antoinette before the Revolutionary Tribunal" (1851), " Moses Exposed" (1852), " Calvary" (1853), "Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane" (1854), "The Girondins in the Concierge" (1856). He died Nov. 4, 1830.—The characteristic excellences of D. are delicacy of treatment, picturesqueness of conception, harmony of color, and accuracy of drawing. lie has been accused, however, of want of fire, imagination, and depth, and it must be admit ted that he very rarely, if ever, exhibits the highest qualities of creative genius. D. was named a member of the institute in 1832, and professor of painting in the ecole des beaux arts in 1833.