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St Davids

bishops, cathedral and city

DAVIDS, ST., an ancient but now decayed episcopal city, in the w. of Pembrokeshire, the westmost town in Wales. It is situated on the streamlet Allan, a mile from its mouth, near St, David's Head, on the 11. side of St. Bride's bay. It has been the scat of a bishopric since about 519, when St. David transferred the archbishop's see to St. D. (before called Mynyw, and by the Romans Menevia) from Caerleon. It was in the middle ages a large city—the great resort of pilgrims to St. David's shrine; it is now a small village, with only a few good houses, besides those of the clergy. It has a, fine cathedral, and splendid remains of religious houses, episcopal palace, and St. Mary's college (founded by John of Gaunt), within a high embattled wall nearly i a mile in circuit. These were several times pillaged and burned by the Danes and others during the 9th and two following centuries. The cathedral, founded in 1180, on the site of the monastery of St. David, is cruciform. Its dimensions, in the interior, arc as follows: length, 290 ft.; breadth, 76; nave, 124; choir, 80; transept, 120; central tower, 127 ft. high. It contains a curious movable pulpit, an elaborately worked bishop's

throne; the tomb the earl of Richmond, father of Henry VII.- ' and also sepulchral monuments of the early bishops of the see, as Giraldus Cambrensis, Anselrn, etc. Among the former bishops may be named Laud, Bull, South, and IIorsley; and a very recent occupant of the see was Connop Thirlwall, the historian of Greece. The cathedral establishment includes a bishop, a dean, 4 canons, 5 vicars choral, and other officers residentiary, with 4 archdeacons, and 12 prebendaries, or honorary canons, non-resident. The bishop has £4,500 a year, and lives at Abcrgwili, near Caermarthen. Pop. '71, 2,131, chiefly agricultural laborers. William the conqueror made an offering as a pilgrim at St. David's shrine. Cairns, tumuli, holy wells, chapels, crosses, etc., abound around St. D., and especially at ST. DAVID'S DEAD, a high rugged promon tory 2 m. n.w. of the city, and the westmost point in Wales, in lat. 51° 54' n., and long. 5° 20' west.