DAB'GAN, WILLIAM, was b. about the beginning of the present century in county Carlow, Ireland, where his father was a large farmer. D. received, when young, a good education, and after spending some time in the office of a surveyor, where he acquired a high reputation for integrity and assiduous industry, lie went to. England, and was employed under Telford, who was then constructing the Holyhead road. Inspired per by the example of that great engineer, D. now resolved to carve out a similar path for himself in his own country, and having returned to Ireland, obtained some small "jobs," the beginnings of a career crowned with the most splendid success—for he became one of the first capitalists in Ireland. It was D. who contracted for the first railway ever executed in Ireland (the Dublin and Kingstown), and he was afterwards connected with most of the great undertakings in that country, such as the making of railways, canals, tunnels, and embankments. He was also an extensive holder of railway stock, a steamboat proprietor, flax•grower, and farmer. He planned the indus
trial exhibition of Dublin (1853), with the view of developing more vigorously the material resources of his native country; and as a help towards its realization, placed £20,000 in the hands of a working-committee. This sum was gradually increased to about .t100,000. The exhibition was opened on the 12th of May, 1853, by the lord-lieutenant; and was visited by the queen and prince Albert, when the honor of knighthood was offered to D. but was declined. In so far as the industrial exhibition was a personal speculation on the part of D., it was a failure, for lie lost, it is said, £20,000 by it; but in every other respect it was highly gratifying to him, and to every genuine lover of his country. Wil liam D. was not one of those sham patriots with whom Ireland has been too often afflicted. He died Feb. 7, 1S67.