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Military Education

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MILITARY EDUCATION. The chief institution for military education in the United States is the United States Mili tary Academy at West Point, N. Y. This school equals the best in Europe in thoroughness of preparation and in the wide range of the training given to mili tary officers. After four years of inten sive work the cadet begins his practical training when he is assigned to his regi ment, but his schooling does not cease, for there are officers' schools at every military post. In addition to these there are schools for the further instruction in special branches of the service. (1) the Engineer School, Washington Bar racks, D. C.; (2) the Mounted Service School, Fort Riley, Kansas; (3) the Army Medical School, Washington, D. C.; (4) the Coast Artillery School at Fort Monroe, Va. At Fort Leavenworth, Kan., are situated the Army Staff Col lege, the Army Signal School, the Army Field Engineer School, the Army School of the Line, the Army Field Service and Correspondence School for Medical Officers. Finally at the head of all these schools and designed to give intensive work to the higher officers of the army is the Army War College at Washington, D. C. Nearly all of these schools are open to National Guard officers, and to graduates of military schools whose course of study has been approved by the Army General Staff. Military instruc tion is also furnished by many State In stitutions, and by private schools. In recognition of the service a private mili tary school renders the government, the General Staff details an officer to be sta tioned at the institution and direct the military work.

There are two great military schools in England which are supported by the government, the Royal Military College at Sandhurst for cavalry and infantry cadets, and the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich for artillery and engineer cadets. The period of instruction in these schools is short—only two years, but on the other hand the examinations for entrance are very exacting and re quire considerable amount of college edu cation to enable a student to pass. The expense to the cadet under the British system is considerable, and this with the high standard for entrance limits the cadets to one class of the population.

France has also two great schools for military education, the Ecole Speciale Militaire for cavalry and infantry at Saint-Cyr, and the Polytechnique at Paris for officers of the artillery and en gineers. This latter school trains men also in the building of roads, bridges, naval construction, and many of the other scientific branches of the government. Entrance is by competitive examination and by a law passed in 1905 all the suc cessful candidates must serve one year in the ranks before taking up their two years' course in the schools. This is de signed to democratize the Officers' Corps and prevent the formation of cliques of men such as were revealed in the Drey fus case.

Belgium follows much the same sys. tem of military education as France, there being one school for officers of all arms of the service, the Ecole Militaire at Welles. Entrance is by competitive examinations.