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Moth

moths and species

MOTH, the popular name of a numer ous and beautiful division of lepidopter ous insects (Heterocera), readily distin guished from butterflies by their antennw varying in form to a point instead of terminating in a knob, by their wings being horizontal when resting, and by their being seldom seen on the wing ex cept in the evening or at night (though there are many species of moth that fly in the brightest sunshine, and some but terflies that appear at twilight). Moths are comparatively larger than butterflies and more hairy or downy in character. There are thousands of species, differing greatly in color, form, size, habit and diet. The giant owl moth of Brazil measures nearly a foot from tip to tip, and there is a gilded species smaller than a pin's head. Certain moths are destitute of tongues and pass through the winged state without food. Among

the moths notable for their striking ap pearance, are the death's head, the Luna (having long-tailed wings of light green), the royal walnut moth (exclu sively American), the tiger and the sphinx moths.

In their larval state, when they are known as caterpillars, moths are among the worst foes of our gardens, orchards and shade trees. The larva of the white miller is very common in gardens; the tent caterpillar is recognized by the webs it makes in fruit trees, and the larva of the apple moth (developed from eggs de posited in the blossom end of the fruit) is very familiar. The household moths (Tiozem) are well known on account of the injury they work among clothes, car pets, furs, etc. One species of moth, the silk worm (Bombyx Mori) has long been serviceable to man.