GLASSIUS, SALOMON, a distinguished theo logian of the t7th century, was born at Sonders hausen in 1593, and educated at the Gymnasium of Gotha. In 1612 he went to the University of Jena, where lie spent three years in the philoso phical school ; and in 1615 to \Vittenberg, where he enjoyed the instructions of Hutter and others. After spending a year at Wittenberg, he returned to Jena, at the desire of his parents, and studied five years, chiefly under Gerhard. Hebrew and the cogmate dialects were his favourite subjects. In 1619 he was appointed adjunct of the philosophical faculty. He subsequently became professor of Hebrew, then superintendent at Sondershausen, professor of theology at Jena, and finally general superintendent and consistorial assessor in Gotha, where he died July 27, 1656, sixty-three years of age. Glassius laboured much to promote the wel fare of the church with which he was officially con. nected, entering into its affairs with a sincere desire to rectify abuses and further the interests of true religion. The situation he occupied was an influ ential one ; and he justified the choice of his patron Duke Ernest, by working and living- for the highest good of the people. As a Biblical theologian he was inferior to none of his contemporaries. But he was also a practical man of deep piety and tolerant spirit, unlike Calovius. His fame rests principally on the Philologia Sacra, 1625, 4.to, a book evincing an extensive knowledge of the Hebrew language and its cognate dialects, if judged by the day in which it appeared. Of course it reflects the stiff
orthodoxy of the time, which had penetrated even into the region of the vowel points ; and it would be unjust to look in it for a philosophical insight into the genius of the Hebrew language. The first two books were published in 1623 ; the third and fourtb in 1634. The best of the old editions was that superintended by Olearius, 1705. The first and second books contained de &zero Scrifitura stylo et sewn ; the third and fourth, Gramnzatica SaCra ; the fifth, Rhetorica Sacra. Olearius added from the author's MSS. a Logica S'acra. In 1776 Dathe published the Granzmatica et Rhetarica, his temporibus accommodata, which work was completed by L. I3auer, who added a Critica Sacra, 1795, and Ifermeneutica Sacra, 1797. The parts re-edited by Bauer have been severely criti cised from an orthodox stand-point. The book is still useful in its improved form ; though almost superseded by later works, which shew an ac quaintance with Hebrew and its peculiarities that no man of Glassius's period could pretend to. Other publications are Granzmatica Ebrma, 1623, 410 ; Exegesis Evangeliorum et Epistolarum, 1664, fol. 2 VO1S. ; Onomatologice Messim Prophetica, and Christologia Davidica et Mosaica, published in the best form by Crenius, 17oo, 4to, Ludg. Bat. —S. D.