LANE, EDWARD WILLIAM, an Arabia scholar, was the third son of Theophilus Lane, a prebendary of Hereford, and of Sophia Gardiner, a niece of the artist Gainsberough. lie was born in 1801, and died in 1876. lie visited Egypt first in 1825, and stayed there for a time, spent partly iu Cairo, and partly among the tombs at Thebes, with a view to the writing of his Description of Egypt, which was never published. The publishers shrank from the expense which its illustrations would entail, and Lane would not :onsent to the appearance of the work in an neomplete form. His second visit to Egypt was ii 1833. Its chief object was the perfecting of iis Manners and Customs of the MOdern Egye .ians, his first published work, which appeared in 1836. About a year after his arrival in Cairo, the plague destroyed about 75,000 of the inhabitants, tricl he went to Thebes, and took up his abode in a tomb from January till the end of June 1835. On his return to England, he published his Modern Egyptians, and in 1838 his translation of the Thousand and One Nights. From 1842 the
Arabic - English Dictionary began to claim his exclusive devotion. In that year he made his last voyage to Egypt, where lie remained for seven years, preparing the groundwork of his labours and collecting manuscripts. The pecuniary part of the work of publishing the Arabic Lexicon was undertaken by Lord Prudhoe, afterwards fourth Duke of Northumberland. With the exception of his short volume of Selections from the Koran, issued in 1843, and of one or two monographs upon points of Arabic scholarship, for the remain ing thirty-four years of his life he worked at nothing else but his Lexicon, of which the first part appeared in 18G3, the fifth in 1874, and the sixth part, almost completed at the time of his death, has since been published by Mr. Poole.