. . . EGYPT. Maig Malakh, . PERS. Sautercl1c, . . . FR. Maltich-i-halal, . . , Heushrecke, . . . GER. Malakh-i-haram, . „ Ophlomachez, . . GR. Malakh-i-daryai, . „ Chargol, Arbeh, . . HER. Logosta, . . . PORT. Tiri. Tiddi, . . Hum. Langosta, . . . Sr.
One of the principal genera contained in the family Locustida3 is tho Locusta of Leach, in which the hinder legs are about equal to the whole body in length, and the antenna) filiform or terminated in a club. Upwards of 20 species of this genus are known, and it is to this group to which the Gryllus migratorius of Linnmus belongs, a large species, which sometimes multiplies to such a degree as to devastate largo districts. Africa at all times appears to have been peculiarly subject to the ravages of locusts. Mr. Barrow states that, on one occasion, in the southern parts of Africa, an area of nearly 2000 square miles might be said literally to have been covered with them. When driven into the sea by a north-west wind, they formed upon the shore, for 50 miles, a bank 3 or 4 feet high ; and when the wind was south-east the stench was smelt at the distance of 150 miles. The locusts migrate in masses. They often cross from Africa to Madagascar, from Africa to Syria and Arabia, and sometimes to Italy. They often appear in Sind, in Baluchistan, and British India, particularly in Central India, but leas frequently in the Peninsula ; yet even there Dr.
Buchanan, on his way to Scringapatam, observed a flight of locusts, in length about 3 miles, its width about 100 yards, and its height 50 feet. At a distance they appeared like a long, narrow, red cloud near the horizon, which was continually varying its shape ; and in the famine years of 1876-77 they reappeared in several parts. In 1883, at Satary (Goa), the orange trees had been so damaged by locusts that it was difficult to find even a dozen oranges that season. Thousands I had always been exported in former years.
Kirby and Spence (i. p. 218), on the authority of Major Moor, relate that a flight of red locusts (evidently identical with the Indian species), form ing a column 500 miles long, ravaged the 3fahratta country. Pottinger states that these destructive insects never penetrate to the districts of Sahara wan unless in years of drought and famine; they then come as though it were to complete the devastation ; they invariably appear from the south-east, and return to the same quarter. Locusts visit the Panjab and N.W. Provinces, and do much mischief while pursuing their devastating