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Francis Hastings

camp, pindara and lalla

HASTINGS, FRANCIS, second Earl of Moira, afterwards created Marquess of Hastings, G.C.B., assumed charge of the office of Governor-General of India, 4th October 1813, and held it till his re-embarkation, 9th January 1823. During his tenure of office, he took the field in person, on the 18th October 1817, against the Pindara. The forces under his command in the field were over 100,000 horse and foot, besides 20,000 irregular cavalry. He allotted several positions to the brigades, and closed in upon the Pindara. One leader, Karim Khan, fell into the hands of Sir John Malcolm ; another, Sita or Chetu, was killed by a tiger, whilst shel tered in the forests near Asirgarh. While the Governor-General was encamped in the part of the country formerly ruled by a noted chief, Lalla Hurdi, cholera broke out in the camp, and in ten days carried off 764 fighting men and 8000 camp - followers. He broke up his camp, and marched S.E. from the Sind across to the right bank of the Betwa, and encamped at Erich, where the cholera disappeared. The natives of India

attributed that outbreak to the malignity of Lalla Hurdi's ghost, who had been poisoned under extraordinary circumstances. Tho Dfarquess in duced the Government of Great Britain to extend the Order of the Bath to officers of the E.I. Company's service, and before the conclusion of the third Mahratta war fifteen of them were created Knights Commander. He invested the first of these, Sir David Ouchterlony, on the 20th March 1818, at Terwah. The E. I. Company acknowledged their sense of his services, bestowing on his family two grants of money, in sums of 60,000 and 20,000 respectively. His long rule of 9 years, from 1814 to 1823, was marked by two wars of the first magnitude, namely, the campaigns against the Gurkas of Nepal, and the last 3fahratta struggle.