HAIL. In Exodus ig. 24, it is mentioned that there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very. grievous, such as there was none like it in all the Land of Egypt since it became a nation. Hail storms of India occur in very limited patches,. and seldom last above 15 or 20 minutes ; but falls of hail occur simultaneously in places many miles apart. The hail occasionally consists of masses of ice, destroying houses, men, cattle, goats, and sheep. At the end of the f8th century, a masa fell at Seringapatam the size of an elephant, which took three days to melt.
On the 10th April 1822, at Bangalore, 27 bullocks were killed. • In May 1823, a violent hail-storm, with stones of considerable size, occurred at Hyderabad in the Dekhan. Sufficient quantities were collected to cool the wine for several days.
At Dharwar, in May or June 1825, a hail-storm occurred, with hail in size from that of a filbert to a pigeon's egg.
In 1826, a mass, nearly a cubic yard in size, fell in Kandesh.
At Kotah, on the 5th March 1827, 6 persons were killed, 7 others severely injured, and animals and birds killed and hurt.
In April 1838, a mass of hailstones, 25 feet in its larger diameter, fell at Dharwar.
On the 22c1 May, after a violent hail-stonn 80 miles south of Bangalore, an immense block of ice, consisting of hailstones cemented together, was found in a dry well.
On the 12th May 1853, in the Himalaya, north of Peshawur, 84 human beings and 3000 oxen were killed by masses of ice, nearly a foot in circumference, hard, compact, and spherical..
' On the 11th May 1855, ice-pieces fell at Naini Tal of the dimensions of cricket balls, and birds were killed.
,'A hail-storm occurred at Futtehghur on the 13th April 1878, when much injury to buildings resulted.
In Ceylon hail has fallen at Kornegalle, at Badulla, Kaduganawa, and Jaffna. On the 24th September 1857, during a thunder-storm, hail fell near Matelle in such quantity that in places it formed drifts upwards of a foot in depth.
One year 'a heavy fall of hailstones took place near Ashteh (the village where Bapoo Gokla fell), which caused severe injuries to people working in the fields, and the death of a girl about ten years of age. Many of the hailstones were larger than
a good-sized wood-apple ; they fell in an oblique direction, and so accumulated at the foot of walls that it took two days in some places for them to melt away. One piece was larger than a man's head, and took two days to dissolve ; the wheat crops, which were then nearly ripe for taking down, were quite destroyed by it. A. hail-storm of exceptional severity passed over Tiperah in Eastern Bengal on the evening of the 12th March 1879 ; 17 persons were killed and 10 wounded. Native reports stated that 29 were killed and 141 injured. Houses were blown down and un roofed, the storm being accompanied by a strong wind.
Hail-storms of India occur in each month of the year, but chiefly in the dry months. Of 127 such hail - storms, 102 occurred in the four months February to May inclusive:— January, . . 5 May, . . . 17 September, 2 February,. . 20 June, . . 4 October, . . 3 March, . . 31 July, . . . 2 November, . 4 April, . : . 34 August, . . 0 December, 5 Iir:the first fortnight of March in one year, on the 3d, a violent hail-storm occurred at Bolaruni, which dashed right through the roofs of the houses, and stripped the trees of their leaves and branches ; it was experienced at Secunderabad, but did not extend to Hyderabad itself. A hail storm occurred at Cawnpur on the 8th, and two violent hail-storms happened at the same time near Meerut, many of the fragments being the size of ostrich eggs. A violent squall, with hail, occurred at Hurryhur on the 12th; 270 birds, which had been killed by it, were picked up in a single garden, and the river was found covered with dead fish, which seemed to have been attracted to the surface, and fell victims to the gratification of their curiosity. In Berar and in the parts of the Mahratta country there is a caste of hail-conjurors, the Garpagari, who pretend to have the power of preventing hail falling on fields.—Dr. Buist's Physical Research ; Dr. Turnbull Christie, Jam. Ed. Jo. ii. of 1830.