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amongst, nations and left


Yadd, . . . . ARAB. Manus, . . . LAT.

Main, FR Dast, PERS.

Ilat'h, . . . HIND. Kai, . . . TAM., TEL. Mano, . . . . Ir. Sr.

The figure of the hand, amongst all nations, is utilized as an emblem.

The hand is an emblem for V., with the three central fingers folded in ; and by placing the symbol below, the cardinal X. is produced. In India, amongst Mahomedans and Hindus, the right hand is more honoured than the left ; in China the left hand is more honourable than the right ; in Siam the right more than the left.

In British India, a person to whom you make a present, a servant to whom you do a kindness, will rush to your hand and press it to his lips. To seize a man's hand is to crave his protection, to profess yourself his servant ; hence the act is one of obedience and devotion, almost of servility. The person advancing to seize the hand always does so in a stooping posture, in an attitude of humility. The giving the hand amongst all nations (Prov. xi. 21) has been considered as a pledge for the performance or ratification of some act of importance, and it was the custom amongst the Scythie or Tartar nations of transmitting its impress as a substitute ; the hand being immersed in a compost of sandal-wood,. is applied to the

" paper, and the palm and five fingers (panja) ie the signature. In Carne's letters from the East is given an anecdote of Mahomed, who, as erroneously supposed, unable to sign his name to a convention, dipped his hand in ink, and made an impression therewith, but Mahomed only fol lowed an ancient solemnity, or custom, for all Mahomedans occasionally stamped or sealed their epistolary communications with the print of their hand. nyder All often did it. It was considered a solemn form of signature. The panja, or palm and five digit form hand, of the Mahomedans, is used at the 3Iaharram in erect l'anjah flags or Alani, in the name of Husain and other martyrs.—Tod's Rajasthan, i. p. 362.