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Hasan Ganga

ad, dynasty, king and dekhan

HASAN GANGA. In A.D. 1347, four years before the death of Muhammad Taghalaq, Hasan Gangs, an officer of high station in the Dekhan, headed a successful revolt against his master, and established what was known as the Bahmani dynasty of the Dekhan, fixing his capital at Kul btirga. Ilis descendants reigned for thirteen generations, for 174 years, from A.D. 1347 to 1518. He is said to have been an Afghan of low rank, a native of Delili. Ile fanned a small spot of land belonging to a Brahman named Ganga, who was in favour with the king ; and Hasan, having accidentally found a treasure in his field, he gave it to his landlord. The Brahman, struck with his integrity, advanced his fortunes. Hasan rose to rank in the Dekhan, where he became a leader in the revolt. He had before assumed the name of Ganga, and now added that of Bahmani, by which his dynasty was afterwards distinguished. During the reign of Al•ud-Din Ir., in A.D. 1437, dissensions broke out between the native Dekhani and foreign Mahomedan troops, but towards the end of the dynasty the Dekhani troops gained the ascendency. Yusuf Adal Khan, a Turk, and chief of the foreign troops, retired to his government of Bijapur, where he subsequently A.D. 1489) took the title of king, and founded the dynasty of Adal Shahi. Nizam-ul-Mulk, the Dekhani

chief, being afterwards assassinated by Kasim Band, a Turk, his son Ahmad set up the dynasty of Nizam Shahi at Ahmadnaggur, in the Dekhan. Kasim Band was now the master of the court of the Bahmani king, Mahmud ri. (A.D. 1482), at Beder ; and two other great chiefs became independent, and after a time each took the title of king. These were Kutub-Kuli, a Turkoman from Persia, and Imad-ul-Mulk, descended from a Hindu convert. The former (A.D. 1512) founded the dynasty of Kutub Shahi at Golconda, near Hyderabad, and the latter that of Imad Shahi at Ellichpur, in Berar. Ahmad Band, son of Kasim, governed for sonic time under a succession of pageants, but at length assumed the title of king, as the first of the Band kings of Beder, the Bahmani family being thenceforth no longer mentioned.

A temporary union of the kings of Bijapur, Golconda, and 'Ahmadnaggur, in 1564, enabled them to subvert the empire of Vijayanagar, and reduce the power of its chief to that of a petty raja.—Elphinstone's India, 416, ii. app. ; Briggs, The Nizam; Shahab-ud-Din's Hist. HISS.