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Herdsmen

india, sun and gopa

HERDSMEN in Central Asia, and south to the Arabian Sea, are a large mass of the populations of their respective regions,—many of them in Arabia, Persia, Afghanistan, Baluchistan, being purely nomamles, dwelling in tents, and migrating with the seasons; others of them in British India camping out only in the dry season. Numbers of Ahir or Gopa in Central India and Western Bengal cling to the nomade life of their ancestors, but Sadit Gop, or pure Gopa, are settling down to husbandry. The Gareri herdsmen founded the Holkar dynasty. In the S. of the Peninsula are the Dhangar, the Kurumbar, also shepherds, who were once dominant, but now only pasture great flocks of sheep. Amongst the Hindus of Bengal, the Goali are numerous ; after them, the Brahman and Kaist races, are the Bagdi, an aboriginal people, and a class of cultivators called Kyurto. See Ahir; Dhangar ; Gadaria ; Gaola ; Gopa; Kurtunbra.

HEM, a name of Krishna, familiarly Kaniya, was of the celebrated tribe of Yadu, the founder of the fifty-six tribes who obtained the sovereignty of India, and descended from Yayat, the third son of Swayambhuva Manu, or the man, lord of the earth, whose daughter Ella (Terra) was espoused by Budha (Mercury), son of Chandra (the moon), whence the Yadu are styled Chandra vansi, or children of the moon, the Lunar race.

The coincidence between the epithets of the Apollos of Greece and India, as applied to the sun, are striking. Heri, as Bhan-nath, the lord of beams, is Phoebus, and his heaven is Heripur (Heliopolis), or city of Heti. Helios, of Greece, was a title of Apollo, whence the Greeks had their Elysium ; and the Heripur or Bhan - t'han (the abode of the sun) is the highest of the heavens of the Rajput. Hence the eagle (the emblem of Heri as the sun) was adopted by the western warrior as the symbol of victory.—Tod's Rajas .than, i. pp. 532-545.