Home >> Cyclopedia Of India, Volume 2 >> Circassia to Hindustan >> Heynea A1ifinis

Heynea A1ifinis

semiramis, drove and bc

HEYNEA A1I'F'INIS. Ass. II, trijuga, Roxb. This is a very ornamental middling-sized tree of Nepal, common in many localities on the western mountains of the Madras Presidency, from 2000 feet upwards ; at Conoor, 6000 feet, abundant ; Bolampatty valley, 3000 feet, very abundant. H. quinquijuga, R., is a native of the Moluccas, with the perfect habit of a Melia.—Roxb.; Bedd.

11l I AV Ilt A-PAT I, i.e. resolute prince, also styled Shont-pati, lord of the oxen, a ruler who opposed Semiramis and drove her back across the Indus. The whole country on the right bank of the Upper Indus, the site of the present Peshawur, opposite Attok (Taxila) and still higher up, was tributary to the Assyrians, as it afterwards was to the Medes and Persians. Pliny tells us that Semiramis capitulated here, on the Kophen the Kabul river, the Kubha of the Rig Veda) ; and on the black obelisk from Nineveh in the British Museum, which is at least of the 9th century B.C., the Bactrian camel is found side by side with the Indian rhinoceros and Indian elephant. Accord

ing to Diodorus (ii. 16-19), Semiramis fitted out an armament in Bactria, and between n.o. 1235 and 1225 she crossed the Indus with a vast force. At first she drove back the opposing maharaja from the strong position that he had taken up with a vast force, especially of archers ; but, rallying his retreating forces, he soon drove back the Assyrians in total disorder to the river, which they had great difficulty of crossing, and only after immense loss. Semiramis concluded an armistice, made an exchange of prisoners, and retreated into Bactria with a third of the army which she had brought against India. At that time there must have been a supreme ruler in India, a sami raja, with a capital in the district to the south of the Saraswati, I in the Jumna and Ganges Doab.—Bunsen, iii. 549.

HIA, the 'first Chinese dynasty, descendants of Yu, from B.C. 1991 to 1559, ruled 432; years. Its first emperor was Yu, beginning B.C. 1991.