HIERONIMO DI SANTO STEFANO, a Geno ese ; visited India about 1494-99 as a merchant adventurer. At Cairo he laid in a stock of coral beads and other wares, and passed down the Nile to Cane (Keneh), from which he travelled by land through the Egyptian desert for 7 days to Cosir (Cosseir) on the Red Sea, where he embarked on board a ship, which in 25 days carried him to Mazua (Massouah) off the country of Prester John ; ' and in 25 thys more, during which he saw plenty of boats fishing for pearls, to Men (Men); and in 35 days more to Calicut. We found that pepper and ginger grew here, .. . and the nut of India' (cocoanuts). From Calicut he sailed in another ship, and in 26 days reached Ceylon, 'in which grow cinnamon trees, . . . many precious stones, such as garnets, jacinths, cats' eyes, and other gems, . . . and trees of the sort which bears the nut of India.' Departing thence, after 12 days he arrived at a port on the coast of Coromandel, where the red sandal-wood grows ;' and, after a long stay, departing thence in another ship, after 27 days reached Pegu in Lower India. 'This country (Pegu) is distant 15 days' journey by land from another, called Ava, in which grow rubies and many other precious stones.' From
Pegn, where he suffered many and great troubles, he set sail to go to Malacca, and, after being at sea 25 days, one morning found himself in a port of Sumatra, where grows pepper in considerable quantities, silk, long pepper, benzoin, white sandal wood, and many other articles.' After further and greater troubles suffered here, he took ship to Cambay, where, after 6 months' detention among the Maldives, and subsequent shipwreck, he at length arrived, but stripped of all his goods. He notices that Cambay produced lac and indigo. In his destitution he was assisted by a Moorish mer chant of Alexandria and Damascus, and after a time proceeded in ship of a sharif of Damascus as supercargo. to Ormuz, in sailing to which place from Cambay he was 60 days at sea. From Ormuz, in company with some Armenian and Azami (Irak-Ajemi) merchants,' he travelled by land to Shiraz, Isfahan, Kazan, Sultanieh, and to whence he went on with a caravan, which was plundered by the way, to Aleppo, and finally to Tripoli.—India in the 15th Century; Bird wood's India Office Records.