Home >> Cyclopedia Of Knowledge >> Abattoir to And Marriage Registration Of >> Anarchy


political and persons

ANARCHY (from the Greek araf'X' anarchia, absence of government) pr perly means the entire absence of poli cal government ; the condition of a a lection of human beings inhabiting t] same country, who are not subject to common sovereign. Every body persons living in a state of nature (as it termed) is in a state of anarchy ; wheth that state of nature should exist amoi a number of persons who have nes known political rule, as a horde of s wages, or should rise in a political socie in consequence of resistance on the pa of the subjects to the sovereign, by whit the person or persons in whom the soy reignty is lodged are forcibly deprived that power. Such intervals are cm monly of short duration ; but after me revolutions, by which a violent change government has been effected, there la been a short period during which the was no person or body of persons wl exercised the executive or legislatii sovereignty,—•hat is to say, a period anarchy.

Anarchy is sometimes used in a trap ferred or improper sense to signify ti condition of a political society, in whk according to .ne writer or speaker, there has been an undue remissness or supine ness of the sovereign, and especially of those who wield the executive stye reignty. In the former sense, anarchy means the state of a body of persons among whom there is no political govern ment; in its second sense, it means the state of a political society in which there has been a deficient exercise of the sove reign power. As an insufficiency of go vernment is likely to lead to no govern ment at all, the term anarchy has, by a common exaggeration, been used to sig nify the small degree, where it properly means the entire absence. [Sovs