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Clerk of the Crown in Chancery

office, house, writs and election

CLERK OF THE CROWN IN CHANCERY, is an officer of the crown in attendance upon both Houses of Par liament, and upon the great seal. In the House of Lords he makes out and issues all writs of summons to peers, writs for the attendance of the judges, commissions to summon and prorogue Parliament, and to pass bills ; and he attends at the table of the House to read the titles of bills whenever the royal assent is given to them, either by the queen in person or by commission. He receives and has the custody of the returns of the represent ative peers of Scotland, and certifies them to the House ; and makes out and issues writs for the election of representative peers of Ireland and their writs of sum mons. He is the registrar of the Lord High Steward's Court for state trials and for the trial of peers ; and he is also re gistrar of the Coronation Court of Claims.

In connexion with the House of Com mons, he makes out and issues all writs for the election of members in Great Britain (those for Ireland being issued by the clerk of the crown in Ireland); gives notice thereof to the secretary-at war, under act 8 Geo. II. c. 30, for the removal of troops from the place of elec tion ; receives and retains the custody of all returns to Parliament for the United Kingdom ; notifies each return in the London Gazette,' registers it in the books of his office, and certifies it to the House.

By act 6 & 7 Viet. c. 18, he has the cus tody of all poll-books taken at elections, and is required to register them, to give office copies or an inspection of them to all parties applying, and to prove them before election committees. He attends all election committees with the returns of members ; and when a return is to be amended in consequence of the deter mination of an election committee, he attends at the table of the House to amend it.

He is an officer of the lord high chan cellor, not in his judicial capacity, but as holding the great seal ; and in this de partment he makes out all patents, com missions, warrants, appointments or other instruments that pass the great seal, except patents for inventions and other patents and charters which are passed in the Patent Office. He also administers the oaths of office to the lord chancellor, the judges, the serjeants-at-law, and all other law officers, and records the same in the books of his office. For these several duties he receives a salary of 10001. a year, under 7 & 8 Viet. c. 77. (Parl. Report, No. 455, of Session 1844.) The office of the Clerk of the Crown is commonly called the Crown Office ; but there is also an office is the Court of Queen's Bench called the Crown side of the Court, of which there is a master and other officers.