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County Court

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COUNTY COURT. Before the 811. perior courts of Westminster were created the County Courts kept by the sheriffs were the chief courts of the kingdom. Their powers were, however, greatly curtailed by Magna Charts, and their ordinary jurisdiction limited to &fits under 40a. Specialty debts were not reco verable in them, and the cause must arise within the county. In conse quence of the inadequacy of these tri bunals, with the dilatory and expensive proceedings of other local courts, there were few courts of inferior jurisdiction in which debts above 40s. could be re covered. To remedy these deficiencies in local administration, the County Court Act of 1846 was passed, and gave in creased facilities by a prompt, inexpen sive, and simple procedure for the re covery of small debts.

The Act of 1846, the 9 and 10 Viet. e. 95, ha been put in force by the Privy Council, who were empowered to divide counties; and any city, borough, or dis trict, if more convenient to be included in an adjoining county. Local courts,

already existing, to be held as county courts, and districts assigned them.

Another Act, 13 and 14 Viet. c. 61, extends the jurisdiction of the county courts to the recovery of any demand not exceeding 601. With respect to fees, it provides that an attorney shall be en titled to a fee not exceeding I I 10s. for his fees and costs, when the demand shall not exceed 35/. or a fee of 2/. in any other case within the jurisdiction of the Act. No fee, exceeding 21. 4s. 6d. in amount, to be allowed for employing a barrister in any cause.

By the Act of 1846, the Lord Chan cellor appoints the judges of the county