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England and

boroughs, act, population, yorkshire, limits, towns, assigned, lancashire and districts

ENGLAND AND WALES.—The whole number of the cities and boroughs, or dis tricts of boroughs, previously to the act, was 208, returning collectively 415 mem bers. For total extinction as parliamen tary boroughs, those were selected the population of each of which, according to the parliamentary returns of 1831, was below 2000. Within this description came the 56 English boroughs which returned collectively 111 members. For reduc tion from the sending of two representa tives to that of one only, those were selected the population of which, according to the same census, was under 4000. These were the 30 English boroughs from whose proportion of the repre sentation 30 members were deducted ; to these must be added two members de ducted from the four formerly sent by the united boroughs of Weymouth and Mel combe Regis; making altogether a total of 143 borough members struck out of the old frame of the representation.

Of the distribution of this number among the new constituencies of the United Kingdom (as the total number or members remains unaltered), we have here to speak only of the portion assigned to the populous parliamentary boroughs now created in England and Wales. To these was transferred the election of 63 members out of the 143 thus taken from the old constituencies. Of the 43 new boroughs, 22, containing each a population of 25,000 and upwards, and including the great metropolitan districts, were em powered to return two members each ; and the remaining 21, containing each 12,000 inhabitants or upwards, to send one member.

New Boroughs created by the Reform Act, passed June 7, 1832.

Ashton-under-Lyne (Lancash.) . 1 Birmingham Warwickshire) . 2 Blackburn (Lancashire) • 2 Bolton (Do.) . 2 Bradford (Yorkshire) . 2 Brighthelmstone (Sussex) . 2 Bury (Lancashire) . 1 Chatham (Kent) . 1 Cheltenham (Gloucestershire) . 1 Devonport .• (Devon) . 2 Dudley (Worcestershire) . 1 Finsbury (Middlesex) . 2 Frome (Somerset) . 1 Gateshead (Durham) . 1 Greenwich (Kent) . 2 Halifax (Yorkshire) . 2 Huddersfield (Do.) . 1 Kendal (Westmorland) . 1 Kidderminster (Worcestershire) . 1 Lambeth (Surrey) . 2 Leeds (Yorkshire) . 2 Macclesfield (Cheshire) . 2 Manchester (Lancashire) . 2 Marylebone (Middlesex) . 2 Merthyr Tydvil (Glamorganshire) . 1 Oldham (Lancashire) . 2 Rochdale (Do.) . 1 Salford (Do.) . 1 Sheffield (Yorkshire) . 2 South Shields (Durham) . 1 Stockport (Cheshire) . 2 Stoke-upon-Trent (Staffordshire) . 2 Stroud (Gloucestershire) . 2 Sunderland (Durham) . 2 Swansea, sharing with Aberavon, Ken fig, Loughor, and Neath : formerly contributory to Cardiff, now de tached (Glamorganshire) .

Tower Hamlets ( Middlesex) . 2 Tynemouth (Northumberland) . 1 Wakefield (Yorkshire) . 1 Walsall (Staffordshire) . 1 Warrington ( Lancashire) . 1 Whitehaven (Cumberland) . 1 Whitby (Yorkshire) . 1 Wolverhampton (Staffordshire) . 2 Contributory Boroughs added by the Reform Act in Wales.

To Beaumaris Amlwch Holyhead }Anglesey Llangefrii To Carmarthen Llanelly . Carmarthenshire To Carnarvon Bangor . Carnarvonshire To Denbigh— Wrexham Denbighshire To Flint Holywell Mold }Flintshire St. Asaph To Haverfordwest— FishguardtPembrokeshire Narberth j To Montgomery Llanfyllin Llanidloes Machynlleth Montgomeryshire Newtown Welsh Pool To Pembroke— Milford . Pembrokeshire To Radnor Presteigne . Radnorshire In the important matter of boundaries, two great objects were to be attained ; the fixing of appropriate limits to the boroughs of large population newly created, and the extending the limits of the old boroughs in the many instances in which a con siderable population had, in the lapse of ages, accumulated without the ancient boundary. A large agricultural district was also annexed, for the purposes of par liamentary election, to each of the tour boroughs of Aylesbury, Cricklade, East Retford, and New Shoreham. And as regards the Welsh districts of boroughs, it may be observed that the principle laid down in the act of Henry VIII., that all the boroughs in each county should share the reprmintatirvi—a principle which the arbitrary interference of the Crown, and the decisions of election committees, bad since rendered in many instances inopera tive—was now restored in its full vigour.

SCOTLAND.—The number of town re presentatives was raised from 15 to 23; two instead of one being assigned to the city of Edinburgh ; two to that of Glasgow ; one to that of Aberdeen ; one each to the towns of Dundee and Perth ; and one each to the large modern towns of Greenock and Paisley. As regards the districts of burghs, their number, their general locality, and their proportion of members (one to each district), remain nearly as before ; but as regards the par ticular places joined in the respective districts, various alterations were made by the Reform Act. Some towns were disfranchised, and others winch had formerly been unrepresented were in cluded. The great increase in the population of the maritime vicinity of Edinburgh has occasioned the cre ating of one district entirely new, com prising the three towns of Leith, Porto bello, and Musselburgh, without, how ever, increasing the previous number of districts, the towns in the old arrange ment being all distributed in the new. New and suitable parliamentary limits are assigned in the schedules of the act, as well to the several ancient boroughs as to those newly created.

IRELAND.—In the list of cities and boroughs which sent representatives, no alteration was made by the Irish Reform Act; but two members each, instead of one, were assigned to Belfast, Galway, Lime rick, and Waterford, thus raising the whole town representation from 35 mem bers to 39. The limits of the parlia mentary boroughs are defined, and to the greater number of them new limits are assigned by the Boundary Act.