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Exemplification Evi Dence

domesday, exeter, survey, ad, lands and counties

EXEMPLIFICATION. (EVI DENCE.] EXETER,or EXON DOMESDAY, the name given to a record preserved among the muniments and charters belonging to the dean and chapter of Exeter cathedral, which contains a description of the west ern parts of the kingdom, comprising the counties of Wilts, Dorset, Somerset, De von, and Cornwall. It is supposed, as far as it extends, to contain an exact transcript of the original rolls or returns made by the Conqueror's commissioners at the time of forming the General Survey, from which the great Domesday itself was compiled. It is written on vellum in the form of a book of the small folio size, containing 532 double pages. The skins or sheets of vellum of which it is composed vary in the number of leaves which they comprise from one to twenty ; the lands of each of the more considerable tenants begin a new sheet, and those of almost every tenant a new page. The lands in the counties of Devon, Somerset, and Corn wall belonging to one tenant, are classed together, and the counties follow each other, though not always in the same order ; and, in like manner, the sum maries of property in Wilts and Dorset are classed together.

Upon collating the returns of lands which form the great body of the Exeter Survey with the Exchequer Domesday, they have been found, with a few trifling variations, to coincide ; one entry of pro perty alone is discoverable in the Exeter which is omitted in the Exche quer Domesday, relating to Sotrebroc in Devonshire. The Exeter manuscript, however, is not complete in its contents. There are considerable omissions of lands in Wiltshire, Dorsetshire, and Devon shire ; but these have evidently been cut out and lost. In Cornwall every manor mentioned in the Exchequer occurs in the Exeter Domesday. One leaf of this record was accidentally discovered in pri vate possession within these few years, and has been restored to the manuscript.

In the writing of the names of places and persons there is a remarkable difference between the two records.

The most striking feature of the Exeter Domesday, in which it uniformly sup plies us with additional knowledge to that in the Exchequer Survey, is the enume ration of live stock upon every estate ; there is an account of the number of oxen, sheep, goats, horses, and pigs, exactly h the same manner as it is given in the se cond volume of the Great Domesday. The reason for omitting this enumeration in the breviated entries of the first volume of the Great Survey is self-evident. The live stock was altering every day and year; the enumeration of it therefore could be of no further use than for the exact time when the survey was made. A comparison of this part of the Exeter with the second volume of the Great Sur vey tends greatly to corroborate the notion that the returns of the counties of Essex, Norfolk, and Suffolk were transcribed in full from the original rotuli, in the Fame manner as the Exeter Domesday. The difference between the two surveys as to expression, when they agree in sense, is likewise remarkable ; as for in stance, Exchequer Domesday. Exeter Domesday.

Acra . . . Agra ad arsumm . . ad combustionem oensores . . gablatores clerici . . sacerdotes geldabat . . reddidit Gildum leuca . . . lenga manerium . . mansioad opus militum . ad soldarios molendinum . molinus nummi . . denarii in paragio . • . pariter portarii . . portatores pastura . . pascura poterat ire quo vo- poterat sibi eligere lebat (tom. i. fol. dominum secun 97 5.) . . dun voluntatem