QUARTER-SESSIONS. [Summits.] QUEEN. The Saxon cpen, which was used to denote miter, fenzina, conjux, as well as women of the highest rank. The use of it to denote a princess who reigns in her own right, and possesses all the powers which belong to a male person who has succeeded to the kingly power in a state, is a modern application of the term.
In England the king's wife has some pe culiar legal rights. She can purchase lands, and take grants from the king her hus band ; she has separate courts and officers, including an attorney-general and a soli citor-general; she may sue and be sued apart from her husband, have separate goods, and dispose of them by will. She pays no toll, is not subject to amercement, Las a share in fines made to the king for certain privileges, which last is called queen's gold. Anciently manors belong ing to the crown were assigned to her in dower, but now the provision for her is made by a grant at the time of marriage. It is treason to com
pass or imagine the death of the king's wife. To violate or defile her person is also treason, though she consent; and if she do consent, she also is guilty of trea son. It has been the usual practice to crown the queen with the same kind of solemnities as are used at the corona tion of a king. In the case of Caroline, the wife of George IV., who was living at the time apart from her husband, this was not done ; but her right was most ably argued at the time by Mr. Brougham before the privy-council.
If a queen dowager marry a commoner, she does not lose her rank ; but no one, it is said, can marry a queen dowager with out special licence from the king.
A queen regnant, or princess who has inherited the kingly power, differs in no respect from a king. [ICING.]