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Cyclopedia of Practical Medicine

A C E Mixture
A. C. E. Mixture. Sec Chloro Form. Acetanilid.—acetanilid (formerly Known Under The Name Of Antifebrin) Is A White Crystalline Powder Obtained By The Action Of Glacial Acetic Acid Upon Ani Line. It Is Odorless And Gives Rise To A Slight Burning Sensation When Applied To The Tongue. It Is But ...

A Remote
(a) Remote Causes.—among These Are To Be Mentioned Principally Natural Conditions, Unfavorable Social And Hygi Enic Conditions, Heredity, Consanguinity And A Few Others Of Minor Importance. Natural Canditions.—in Considering The Unequal Distribution Of Deaf-mutism, We Are Involuntarily Led To The Supposi Tion That This Phenomenon May Be Caused By Varying ...

Abnormal Parturition
Parturition, Abnormal. The Value Of A Careful Examination, Both General And Local, Of A Pregnant Woman Cannot Be Overestimated. The Mortality-rate Of Parturition Has Been Diminished During The Last Ten Years, But It Still Continues High Mainly Because A Thorough Examination Of The Patient Months Before The Expected Event Is ...

Abnormalities Of The
Abnormalities Of The Eye.—al Though We Find Several Notices Of Abnor Malities Of The Eyes Of Deaf-mutcs, It Is Often Difficult To Decide Whether These Are Accidental Phenomena Or Connected Etiologically With Deaf-mutism. Among The Abnormalities Of The Latter Category May Be Mentioned Retinitis Pigmentosa, Various Malformations Of The Eye; ...

Abnormalities Of The Ear
Abnormalities Of The Ear Found By Objective Examination. - While The Section Of This Paper On Morbid Anat Omy Will Be Mainly Devoted To The Path Ological Changes Of The Deeper Parts Of The Ear, It Is My Purpose, Under This Head Ing, To Deal With The Abnormalities Found In ...

Abortion
Abortion. Definition.—abortion Is A Term Used To Denote The Expulsion Of The Product Of Conception, Alive Or Dead, During The First Six Months Of Pregnancy; Or, More Exactly, The Expulsion Of A Product Of Pregnancy Which Has Not Yet Attained The Period Of Viability, Thus Including Cases Where The Foetus ...

Abscess
Abscess. Ilteningocele, E Ncephalocele, And Hy Dreticephalocele. See Encephalocele. Hydrocephalus, Acute And Chronic. See Hydrocephalus. Intracranial Tumors. See Tumors Of The Brain. Traumatic Intracranial —extravasation Of Blood Commonly Oc Curs In All Injuries Of The Head Accom Panied By Laceration Of The Brain, And In Many In Which The Skull ...

Abscess
Abscess. — Lat., Abscesses, From Ab Scedere, To Depart. Definition.—a Collection Of Pus In An Adventitious Cavity, The Result Of An Acute, Circumscribed Inflammation Due To Infection With Pus-forming Microbes. Varieties.—an Abscess May Be Acute, Or Warm, When Due To Pus-microbes Only: Staphylococci, Streptococci, And Others; Chronic, Or Cold, When ...

Absinthium Wormwood
Absinthium (wormwood) .—ab Sinthium (the A Dem Isa Abs Inthi Um Of Untie) Is A Fruit-bearing Plant Growing In The Northern Latitudes Of Europe, Asia, And Africa, And Naturalized In North America. It Grows In Dry Ground And Is Often Found Along Roadsides. The Leaves And Tops Are Utilized In ...

Absorption And
Absorption And Elimination.—.a.1 Though There Is No Doubt Whatever That Mercury Is Absorbed And Eliminated, The Manner In Which The Process Is Carried On Is Not Fully Understood. H. C. Wood Concludes From Data At Hand That "the Single Dose Of Mercury Does Not Remain In The System, But That ...

Acacia
Acacia Dressing.—this Constitutes Another Fixed Dressing That Is Readily Ap Plied And Which May Be Used On Dry Parts. A Good Formula Is The Follow Ing:— Ip Mucilage Of Acacia, 5 Or C Parts. Glycerin, 1 Part. Zinc Oxide Or Calamin, Or A Mixt Ure Of Both, 2 Parts. Carbolic ...

Accessory Thyroid
Accessory Thyroid Bodies.—lying In The Tissues Between The Hyoid Bone And The Aortic Arch Are Occasionally To Be Found Certain Small Bodies Which At First Sight May Be Mistaken For Lymph Glands, But Upon Microscopical Examina Tion Are Seen To Be Of The Nature Of Thy Roid Tissue. Gruber Distinguishes ...

Acetic Acid
Acetic Acid. — Acetic Acid Is An Organic Acid Obtained From Vinegar, Of Which It Represents The Active Principle. It Is Also Obtained From Crude Pyrolig Neous Acid. It Is A Clear, Colorless Fluid Having A Strong Pungent Odor And An Intensely-acid Corrosive Taste. It Con Tains 3g Per Cent. ...

Aceto Ortho Toluide
Aceto-ortho-toluide. — Aceto Ortho-toluide Is An Isomer Of Exalgin, And Appears In The Form Of Colorless Needles, Freely Soluble In Alcohol, Ether, And Hot Water, But Little Soluble In Cold Water. Its Melting-point Is 22-i.6° F. And Boiling-point 564.s° F., Being Com Parable In These Respects To Acetanilid And Methylacetanilid, ...

Acne
Acne. Definition. — Acne Is Characterized By The Presence, On The Face, Of Small Eleva Tions Or Nodosities Varying In Size From A Pin-bead To A Pea. These Elevations, Or Pimples, Are Also Present On The Back, Shoulders, And Chest In Many Cases. Symptoms. — The Elevations Are Con Ical ...

Acne Rosacea
Acne Rosacea. Definition. — Acne Rosacea Is Charac Terized By A Chronic Congestion Of The Face, Causing Vascular Dilatations; And By Changes In The Cutaneous Glands And Tissues, Giving Rise To Seborrhoea, Inflam Matory Acne, And Hypertrophic Changes. Symptoms.—the Nose And Malar Emi Nences Are Especially Prone To This Dis ...

Aconitine
Aconitine. —1-‘conitine Is An Alka Loid Obtained From Aconitum Napellus, And Represents The Active Principle Of Aconite. It Occurs In Colorless, Tabular Crystals, Slightly Soluble In Wafer, But Soluble In Alcohol, Ether, And Chloro Form. It Is Extremely Poisonous. Dose. — The Preparations Entitled To Confidence Are Those Of Merck ...

Acquired
Acquired Atelectasis Usually Occurs As The Result Of A Condition Involving Reduc Tion Of The Lumen Of The Respiratory Tract. Foreign Bodies May Thus Cause Atelectasis By Preventing The Ingress Of Air, While The Residual Air Is Gradually Eliminated By Contractions Of The Thoracic Walls And Diaphragm, Or Absorbed. False ...

Acquired Idiocy
Acquired Idiocy, Beginning In In Fancy Or Childhood, Is Due To The Toxic Influence Of Infectious Diseases, To In Juries, Rachitis, Meningeal Inflammation, Fright, Convulsions, And Improper Train Ing. Symptoms.—the Physical Stigmata Of Degeneration Are Well Marked In Idiocy. Of These The Most Notable Is Micro Cephaly, Or Abnormal Smallness ...

Action On
Action On Uterus.—the Muscular Substance Of The Uterus Is Powerfully Contracted By Digitalis. It Was Long Sup- ' Posed That This Action Was The Result Of Stimulation Of Uterine Ganglia, But It Is Now Believed To Be Due To The Affinity Of The Drug For Unstriped Mus-cular Fibre. In Uterine ...

Action On Urinary
Action On Urinary Apparatus.— Under Certain Conditions Digitalis Seems To Increase The Flow Of Urine Without Altering, In Any Essential Respect, The Quantity Or Proportion Of Its Solid In Gredients; But, Strange To Say, This Ac Tion Is Seldom Manifested In The Healthy Human Subject, Though It Is Apt To ...

Active Principles
Active Principles. — The So-called Active Principles Consist Of A Number Of Glucosides: Digitalin, Digitalein, Dig Itonin, Digitin, And Digitoxin. -unfort Unately, Great Confusion Exists Regarding These Preparations, Which Has Been Fos Tered By Pharmacopccial Errors. Thus The Digitalin Of Homolle & Quevenne, Recognized By French Authority, Is An Amorphous, ...

Actol
Actol. — Actol, Or Lactate Of Silver, Is A Bactericidal Agent Recommended By Crede And Bayer As A Powerful Disin Fectant For Wounds. It Forms A Soluble Compound With The Secretions, And This, Being Absorbed, Influences Beneficially Not Only The Lesion Treated, But Also The Neighboring Tissues. It Is Non-poison ...

Acute Generalized
Acute Generalized Peritonitis.— In This Condition The Chief Distinctive Features Are An Early Rise Of Temperature, The History, And The General Tympany And Abdominal Tenderness. There Is A History Of Appendicitis, Ulcer, Trauma Tism, Or Some Condition Capable Of Lead Ing To Peritonitis, Attended By An Early And Marked Rise ...

Acute Malarial Infections 011t
Acute Malarial Infections.-011t Knowledge Of The Pathological Changes In Acute Malarial Infections Is Necessarily Largely Derived From A Study Of The Con Dition Of The Internal Organs As Found In The Grave Forms Of Mstivo-autumnal In Fection, As Cases Of Quart= And Tertian Infections Rarely Reach The Post-mortem Table. Melanosis ...

Acute Pneumonic Pfithisis
Acute Pneumonic Pfithisis. - To Distinguish Between Croupous Pneumonia And Acute Pneumonic Phthisis Is Some Times Difficult. In The Latter Affection, However, The More Gradual Onset, The Tendency Of The Fever To Be Remittent In Type And Attended With Repeated Chills, Or Chilliness; The Profuse Sweats; The Rapid Emaciation And ...

Acute Poisoning
Acute Poisoning May Occur From An Overdose Of Any Preparation Of Unoxi Dized Phosphorus, Or From Swallowing Phosphorus Paste Used For Destroying Vermin, Or From Chewing The Tops Of Lucifer Matches. Red Phosphorus, An Allotropic Form Made By Heating (464° To 482° F.) Phosphorus For Fifty Hours In An Atmosphere ...

Acute Ur Emia
Acute Ur-emia Includes All The Varie Ties In Which The Symptoms Develop Sud Denly. Acute Urwmia Occurs Not Only With The Different Forms Of Nephritis, But Also With Angina Pectoris, Pulmonary Em Physema, And Chronic Endarteritis. Three Forms Are Commonly Recognized: The Comatose, The Convulsive, And The Mixed; Less Frequently ...

Acute Or Chronic General
Acute Or Chronic General Diseases, Acting Either By Excess Of Temperature And Changes In The Composition Of The Blood Or By Alterations In The Placenta. Typhoid Fever. — Abortion Occurs In About Two-thirds Of The Cases Of Typhoid Fever, And Is More Apt To Take Place Dur Ing The Earlier ...

Addisons Disease
Addison's Disease. Definition. — A Disease Characterized By Progressive Asthenia, Blood-impover Ishment, Frequent Disorder Of The Gastric And Intestinal Functions, Cardiac Weak Ness, And Irregular Pigmentation Of The Surface In The Form Of Bronze-colored Spots, And, When Not Interfered With, Uniformly Tending Toward A Fatal Result. It Was First Investigated ...

Adult Umbilical
Adult Umbilical Hernia.—this Variety Of Hernia Protrudes Through The Linea Alba, Not Far From The Umbilicus, And Is Generally Observed In Stout People, Especially In Women. Umbilical Hernia In The Adult May Attain Enormous Proportions, Hanging Down Like A Large Pouch If Allowed To Go Untreated. The Omentum, Transverse Colon, ...

Affections Of The Nose
Affections Of The Nose And Throat. — Powdered Aristol Can Be Blown Through The Finest Tubes To The Remotest Parts, And It Firmly Adheres To The Mucous Membranes. Sneezing Or Other Unpleasant Symptoms Are Not Pro Duced By Its Use. It Increases Secretion, And Is Therefore Not To Be Recommended ...

Agalactia
Agalactia. — From A, Priv., And Xav,t, Milk. Definition..—absence Of The Mammary Secretion After Parturition. The Term Is Generally Understood As Meaning Defect Ive Lactation, Especially As To Quantity. Symptonis.—absence Of The Mammary Secretion After Labor Is Rarely Observed. The Appearance Of Milk May Be Delayed Days And Even Weeks, ...

Agaricin
Agaricin. — Agaricin Is Obtained From White Agaric. It Is A White, Crys Talline Powder, Soluble In Alcohol, And But Slightly So In Cold Water And Ether. Agaricic Acid, The Pure Active Principle Of Agaricin, Is Generally Used. Dose.—the Dose Of Agaricic Acid Is V, To Grain, Administered In Pills. ...

Agraphia
Agraphia. — True Agraphia Almost Always Occurs As A Result Of A Lesion Of The Foot Of The Second Left Frontal Convo Lution Or Of The Suhcortical Fibres There From. Agraphia Is Generally Found, How Ever, Associated With Some Form Of Motor Aphasia, Rarely Existing Alone. Case Of A Woman, ...

Ainhum
Ainhum. — African Word Meaning "to Saw Off." Definition. — Ainhum Is A Disease Oc Curring Exclusively In Negroes And Con Sisting In The Spontaneous Amputation Of The Little Toe By An Adventitious Fibrous Band. Symptoms.—the First Indication Of The Disease Is A Furrow On The Lower Surface Of The ...

Albuminuria
Albuminuria. — From Lat., Albu Min; And Gr., Oupetr, To Pass The Urine. Definition.—the Presence Of Albumin In The Urine. Albuminuria May Be True —when The Albumin Is Dissolved In The Urine—or Spurious, When Caused By Ad Mixture Of Semen, Pus, Or Blood In The Urine. Spurious Albuminuria Is Easily ...

Alcohol
Alcohol. — Alcohol Of The Pharma Copoeias Is One Of A Series Of Hydrocarbon Compounds, All Of Which Have As Their Base A Radicle Called Ethyl, Whose Chem Ical Composition Is Expressed By The Formula Ch. Chemically, Alcohol Is A Hydrate Of Ethyl, Or Hydrated Oxide Of Ethyl. To Distinguish ...

Alcoholic Neuritis
Alcoholic Neuritis. Definition. — Inflammation Of The Pe Ripheral Nerves, Especially Those Of The Extremities, Due To The Excessive Use Of Alcohol. Symptoms. — The First Symptom Of Alcoholic Neuritis Consists Usually In Neu Ralgic And Tingling Pain, Especially In The Lower Limbs, Less Commonly In The Upper Limbs. Long ...

Alcoholism And Delirium Tre
Alcoholism And Delirium Tre Mens.—enonnous Doses Of Digitalis Are Often Tolerated By Alcoholics, And Espe Cially Those Suffering With Delirium Tre Mens, Probably "because The Heart Has By Long Habit Become Very Much Be Numbed To The Use Of Stimulants." Digitalis Is Wonderfully Eftective, Par Ticularly Where There Is Low ...

Alexander Mcpiiedran
Alexander Mcpiiedran, Toronto. Pancreatin.—pancreatin (pancre Atinum, U. S. P.; Extract Of Pancreas, Pancreatic Extract) Is A Mixture Of The Enzymes Existing In The Pancreas Of Warm-blooded Animals, Usually Obtained From The Fresh Pancreas Of The Hog. Pancreatin Occurs As Dry, Whitish Or Yel Lowish-white, Brittle Scales, Or Oftener As A ...

Alexander Mcpredran
Alexander Mcpredran, Toronto. Pleurisy.—inflammation Of The Pleura May Occur As A Primary Affection, Or, Perhaps More Frequently, It Is Sec Ondary To A General Or Local Disease. Acute Pleurisy. Symptoms.—in Many Cases Of Acute Pleurisy The Onset Is Insidious; It Is Usu Ally So When It Occurs Secondarily To Some ...

Alkaloids
Alkaloids. — The Alkaloids Are Or Ganic Basic Substances, The Active Prin Ciples Of Most Poisonous Plants. They Are Termed "alkaloid" Owing To Their Be Havior With Acids, Which Simulates That Of Alkaline Substances: Ammonia, Etc. Combining With Acids They Form Salts Which Are Convenient, Owing To The Smallness Of ...