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The Diseases of Children

Sclerema
Sclerema Clinical Onset Of Sclerenia Is Similar To That Of Sclercedema In That It Affects The Lower Extremities, Especially The Calves, In A Symmetrical Arrangement. On Careful Palpation Even In The Early Stages Of The Disease, A Doughy Sensation Can Be Felt In The Deeper Layers Of The Skin. This ...

Scleroderma
Scleroderma Scleroderma Is Et Chronic Affection Of The Skin Which Usually Com Mences With Oedematous Swelling, Leading To A Coarse Thickening And Induration Of The Connective Tissue Of The Skin And Ending In Atrophy. According To The Extent Of The Scleroderma We Distinguish The Universal Forms (see:reinies, Besnier) And The ...

Scohosis
Scohosis Is A Permanent Lateral De Viation Of The Spine. It Must Be Well Differentiated From An Uncertainty Of Attitude. It Has Often Been Observed In Children Under Ten Years That The Spine Forms A Lateral Curvature, Because Of Inability To Control Their Muscular Action Sufficiently To Hold The Still ...

Scorbutus
Scorbutus Scurvy Is A Transitory Htemorrhagic Diathesis Which Is Associated With Severe Disturbance Of Nutrition, And With A Tendency To Ulceration And Ichorization. In Childhood It Certainly Occurs Rather Rarely. Ma Ler-baxlow's Disease Which By Many Is Termed Infantile Scurvy, And True Scorbutus Should Be Considered Distinct. Etiologically There May ...

Scrofuloderma
Scrofuloderma According To Lang The Relative Frequency Of The Occurrence Of Scrofuloderma And Lupus, Is In Doubt. The Origin Of Scrofuloderma Is Ordinarily In The Superficial Fascia Anri Its Characteristic Form Is The Scrofulous Gummata Or Scrofulotuberculide. Even In Early Infancy, We Find, Particularly In The Skin Of The Face, ...

Secondary Affections Of The
Secondary Affections Of The Mouth As A Complication Of Severe And Protracted Diseases, As Well As A Consequence Of Infectious Diseases, Secondary- Diseases Of The Oral Cality May Arise. This Observation Suggests That The Mucous Membrane During The Course Of These Diseases Acquires A Diminished Power Of Resis Tance. The ...

Secondary Gastro Entertc Disturbances Septic
Secondary Gastro-entertc Disturbances. Septic Infection With G Astro-intestinal Symptoms. It Still Remains For Me To Discuss Very Briefly The Gastro-intestinal Disturbances Developing In Connection With Other Diseases Of Infancy, And Appearing As Complicating Symptoms Often Of A Se.rere Character, And Also The Gastro-enteric Sy-mptoms Forming The Clinical Manifesto, Tion Of ...

Secretion Of Nitrogen
Secretion Of Nitrogen Inquiry Into The Conditions Of Nitrogen Excretion Can Have No Value Unless It Is Combined With A Study Of Tissue Changes. The Postulate Here Stated Holds Good Also In Regard To Most Of The Other Urinary Ele Ments, W Hich Are Excreted, Such As Phosphorus, Chlorine, Calcium, ...

Secretion Of The Mammary
Secretion Of The Mammary Gland In The Newborn Symptoms.—on About The Second Or Third Day, Rarely Later, One Notices Almost Invariably In Every Newborn Child, Without Regard To Sex, A Swelling Of The Breast Which Increases On The Following Days And Usually Reaches Its Acme From The Eighth To The ...

Sepsis In Infancy
Sepsis In Infancy The Lack Of Unanimity Concerning The Septic Diseases, Renders It Advisable At The Outset To Fix Distinctly Just What Is Understood By The Term "sepsis." From A Great Number Of Definitions Which Up To The Present Have Not Fully Succeeded In Classifying The Subject, We Prefer That ...

Sequel Of Scarlet Fever
Sequel& Of Scarlet Fever Unfortunately, The Danger Point In Scarlet Fever Is Not Passed With The Subsidence Of The Primary Disease And Its Complications. There Is Now Initiated The Period Of The Sequehe, Which May Defer Complete Con Valescence For Weeks, And Which, In Some Cases, May Lead To Death. ...

Serous Meningitis
Serous Meningitis The Term Serous Meningitis Is Primarily Anatomical And As Such Is Ambiguous. As Already Mentioned In The Introduction, Tuberculous Meningitis Is A Definite Type Of The Serous Form, Which For Practical Rea Sons We Have Discussed Separately. Furthermore A Second Type Has Been Pointed Out Which Causecl By ...

Serous And Phlegnionous Cedilsia
Serous And Phlegnionous Cedilsia Of The Glottis By (edema Of The Glottis Is Meant An (edematous Swelling Of The Sub Mucous Cellular Tissue Of The Larynx, And The Intermuscular Cellular Tissue Of Thr Vocal Cords. This May Be Of A Serous Or Inflammatory Nature. Serous Infiltration Of The Submucous Cellular ...

Serum Disease
Serum Disease The Injection Of The Serum Causes According To Its Quantity A Smaller Or Larger Swelling, Which Is More Slowly Absorbed Than An Equal Quantity Of Physiological Salt Solution. But As Much As 200 C.c. Are Perfectly Absorbed Within Twenty-four To Forty-eight Hours. Aside From A Slight Discomfort At ...

Serum Treatment
Serum Treatment The Excellent Results Obtained From The Use Of Diphtheria Antitoxin Have Led A Number Of Observers To Attempt The Production Of A Similar Serum In Scarlet Fever. Von Leyden Made Use Of A Serum Secured From The Blood Of Persons Convalescent From Scarlet Fever. However, The Difficulty Of ...

Simultaneous Appearance Of Many
Simultaneous Appearance Of Many Acute Exanthemata The Observation Of Hebra That The Acute Exanthemata Are Antago Nistic To One Another Has Been Disproved For Forty Years. Every Imagi Nable Combination Of Scarlet Fever, Varicella, Measles And Vaccination Has Been Noted. Such An Occurrence Is Of Clinical Interest Only When These ...

Sinus Thrombosis
. Sinus Thrombosis Thrombosis Of The Cerebral Sinuses May Occur As The Result Of Grave Debilitating Diseases ("marantic" Or "primary" Thrombosis) Or May Accompany Some Acute Inflammatory Affection Of The Cranial Structures ("phlebitic" Or "secondary" Thrombosis). Superior Longitudinal Sinus Follows The Sagittal Suture Along The Top Of The Skull To ...

Soaps
Soaps Under Soap We Understand The Combination Of Fatty Acids With Alkalies. There Are Sodium Soaps (hard) And Potassium Soaps (soft). Soaps Cause A Softening Of The Epidermis, Desquamation And Removal Of Corneal Masses, Also A Swelling And Loosening Of The Epithelium. The Object Of Their Usc Is That The ...

Some General Remarks Concerning
Some General Remarks Concerning The Examination And Ment Of The Laryngeal Diseases Of Childhood Laryngoscopy, The Universal Method Of Examining The Adult Larynx, Cannot Be Frequently Employed In The Laryngeal Diseases Of Childhood. This Is So, Partly Because Of The Type Of Disease, And Partly Because Of The Patient To ...

Spastic Paralyses
Spastic Paralyses The Spastic Contractions Of The Muscles Which We Call Spastic Pareses Are Observed Either As Parts Of Cerebral Processes (birth Injury, Encepha Litis), Or More Rarely From Spinal Or Meningitis Diseases. In Reality The Affected Muscles Are In A State Of Hypertonus. The Investigations Of Forster Have Brought ...

Special Pathology Of Congenital
Special Pathology Of Congenital Heart Anomalies 1. The Defects Of The Cardiac Septa (a) Defects Of The Interventricular Septum A Defective Septum, Permitting Communications Between The Two Ventricles, As Well As A Foramen Ovale Which Remains Open, Is A Very Fre Quent Congenital Heart Affection. It May Occur As An ...

Spina
Spina Bifiba Mechanism Of Development And Pathological Anatomy. And Hernia Occur In Other Parts Of The Spinal Canal, And These Behave Quite Similarly To Those Of The Cranium In Regard To Their Pathologic Anatomy As Well As To Their Mechanism Of Development. These Eases, However, Are Frequently Accompanied By Other ...

Spinal Muscular Atrophy
Spinal Muscular Atrophy (a) Forms In Adults Not Occurring In F'antilies The Fact That This Disease Only Exceptionally Attacks (larger) Chil Dren Seems To Make A Detailed Description Of It Superfluous In This Work. It Has Never Been Definitely Proved That. These Muscular Atrophies Are Endogenons In Character. The Symptoms ...

Status Lymphaticus And Sudden
Diseases Of The Thymus, Status Lymphaticus And Sudden Death In Infancy It Is Made Up Ehietly Of Reticular Tis.sue. It Begins To Take Its Part In The Making Of The Blood (luring The Last Fletal Months; And Grows According To Walcleyer, Until The Ehilil Is One Or Even Two Years ...

Stenosis Of The Larynx
Stenosis Of The Larynx Stenoses Of The Larynx Are Extra- And Intralaryngeal In Nature. The Former Are Also Known As Compression Stenoses; They Are Pro Duced By Compression Of The Larynx By A Goitre, Lymphatic Glands, Abscesses, Etc. Syphilis, Laryngospasm, Cicatrices Following Opera Tions, More Rarely,' Tuberculosis, And Congenital Malformations, ...

Stenoss Of The Trachea
Stenos's Of The Trachea And Of The Large Bronchi A Narrowing Of The Trachea Or Of The Bronchi Occurs, In Rare Cases (gregor), Congenitally, Otherwise Almost Always Only As A Symptom Of Various Diseases. A Short Description Is Therefore Given Here For Purely Practical Reasons Only. The Origin Of The ...

Stomatitis Gangrenosa Noma
Stomatitis Gangr.enosa (noma.) By Noma Of The Face (see Plate We Understand A Rapidly Progres Sive And Generally Fatal Gangrene Of The Cheek, Probably' Produced By A Specific Microorganism. From The Writings Of The Hollander Battus (i6th Century) The Inference Can Be Drawn That The Disease Was More Frequent In ...

Stone In Tiie Kidney
Stone In Tiie Kidney In Addition To Uric Acid Infarction, Endemic Conditions Have A Decided Influence Upon The Formation Of A Renal Concretion. This Is The Reason Why Physicians For Children Who Have Seen Hundreds Of Cases Are Contradicted By Those Who, Because They Have Not Had The Experience, Believe ...

Stones In The Bladder
Stones In The Bladder And Tx The Urethra What Was Said In Regard To The Influence Of Endemic Conclitions Upon The Appearance Of Stones In The Kidney In Infancy, Is Also True In Regard To Concretions In The Bladder And In The Urethra. There Exists Along The Lower Part Of ...

Strangulated Hernia
Strangulated Hernia Intestinal Coils Are Crowded Into The Hernial Sac By The Force Of Abdominal Pressure; And If The Hernial Ring Is Narrow And The Sphincter Function Relatively Good, The Hernial Sac May Easily Become Strangulated, Thus Preventing The Return Of The Coils Into The Abdominal Cavity. Accu Mulation Of ...

Streptococcus Peritonitis
Streptococcus Peritonitis Streptocoeci May Apparently Cause Primary Inflammation Of The Peritoneum. Such Eases Occur Less Often Than Pneumococcus Peritonitis, But Are More Dangerous. They Have This In Common With Pneurno Coccus Peritonitis; That They Set In Very Acutely And Apparently Without Cause, And Are Usually Accompanied By Very Violent (liar:in-ea. ...

Strictltres And Diverticitla Of
Strictltres And Diverticitla Of The Frethra Among Other Causes Of Retention Of Urine Congenital Narrowing Of The External Orifice Is Of Importance. Cylindrical Stricture Was Found In One Case By Demme. Membranous Duplications, Producing Narrow Ing Of The Canal May Be Present In The Fossa Navicularis, And In The Prostatic ...

Strophulus Or Lichen Urticatus
Strophulus Or Lichen Urticatus Synonyms.—lichen Urticatus (viilan, Bateman), Strophulus (caze Nave), Varicellar Prurigo (hutchinson), Prurigo Simplex (brocq), Prurigo Temporanea (tommasoli), Urticaria Papulosa Wolcott Fox-hebra), Lichen Simplex Acutus (vidal). Clinical Picture (see Plate 62).—the Affection Described By Viilan, De Rayer, Hardy, And Colcott Fox Pertains Closely To The Urticaria Series. It ...

Subcutaneous Tissue
Subcutaneous Tissue Infections Of The Skin, Especially Of The Tender Skin Of The Newborn Or The Infant, Cause Troublesome And Extremely Malignant Affections. (a) Abscess, Phlegman. (calaway, Vol. Is Gene Rally The Staphylococeus Pyogenes Aureus That Invades The Skin And There Causes Necrosis Of Tissue Either Through The Action Of ...

Supplement
Supplement Goitre In Certain Localities Where Goitre Is Prevalent Its Excessive Growth And Especially The Difficult Respiration It Causes May Demand Operative Interference. As Long As We Have Only To Deal With A Diffuse Hyper Trophy Of The Thyroid, The Usual Medicinal Treatment With Iodine Oint Ment, Potassium Iodide Internally, ...

Surgical Tuberculosis
Surgical Tuberculosis The Tuberculous Infection Is Caused By The Tubercle Bacillus (robert Koch). This Discovery Has Enabled Us To Classify A Considerable Number Of Affections Under A Single Head, And The Improved Methods Of Examina Tion Have Aided Us In Recognizing The Cause Of Numerous Surgical Diseases Of The Bones ...

Symptomatic Aniemias Including School
Symptomatic Aniemias Including School Aniemia Symptomatic Anemias Deserve A Separate Discussion Inasmuch As They Depend So Greatly Upon Their Causes, And In Many Cases The Recog Nition Of The Etiology (hunger, For Instance) Is Equivalent To A Cure. The Blood Picture Is A Resultant Of The Injurious Influences Acting Upon ...

Symptomatic Enlargement Of The
Symptomatic Enlargement Of The Spleen The Spleen Is Enlarged In Many Infectious Diseases, As For Example In Typhoid, Malaria, Tuberculous Meningitis, And Parotitis. Enlarged Spleens Are Present In Leukaemia, Pseudoleuktemia And Also In Ecchino Coccus Of The Spleen. Ptosis Of The Spleen Is An Anomaly Of Position Of Rather Frequent ...

Symptomatology 1
Symptomatology 1. Spontaneous Pain In Appendicitis Is Often Eomplained Of By Older Children As A Feeling Of Heaviness, Cramps Or Needle-like Prickings. In Other Cases A Genuine Colic Appears. The Milder Forms Of Periap Pendicitis (chronic And Somewhat Protracted, Slowly Developed Or Uleerating) May Also Oecur After Severe Attacks Of ...

Symptomatology Of Childrens Diseases
Symptomatology Of Children's Diseases Two Ways Of Presenting The Relation Between Diseases And Their Symptoms. Either The Symptoms Peculiar To Each Disease May Be Enumerated, Or The Pathological Conditions Underlying The Disease May Be Deduced From The Several Symptoms. The Former Method Is Commonly Employed In The Text Books, While ...

Symptoms Of Acute Articular
Symptoms Of Acute Articular. Rheumatism Prodromal Symptoms. —very Frequently Manifestations Of An Indefinite Nature Precede The Outbreak Of The Disease Itself, As Languor, Anorexia, Dragging Pains In The Joints, And Sometimes Even Abdominal Pains. Catarrhal Or Follicular Angina Appear As Forerunners In A Num Ber Of Cases; But As Far ...

Symptoms Of Syphilis Of
Symptoms Of Syphilis Of The Central Nervous System 1. Convulsions, Epilepsy.—couvulsions Arc Frequent As Con Comitant Symptoms In Cerebral Processes Due To Hereditary Syphilis. They May Usher In The Cerebral Disease, They May Occur As Secondary Symptoms In Severe Affections Involving The Brain, Or Represent The Termi Nal Stage In ...

Syphilis And Infant Feeding
Syphilis And Infant Feeding It May Be Stated, First Of All, That Artificial Feeding Of Congenitally Syphilitic Infants Born At Full Term Is Attended By Only Slightly Greater Risk Than In Those That. Are Free From This Disease. In General, In Order To Avoid Transmission To The Person Who Nurses ...

Syphilis In Infancy
Syphilis In Infancy Two Kinds Of Organic Changes Are To Be Considered: (a) Those That Are Carried Over From The Fatal To The Extra-uterine Period, Especially Involvement Of The Viscera, Of The Osseous System And Of The Nose. (b) Those That Appear After A Period Of Latency In Infants Appar ...