ALDERNEY (French AURIGNY ), an island belonging to Great Britain, on the coast of Nor g mandy, 10 miles due west of Ca La Hague and i 60 from the nearest point of land, the most northerly of the Channel Islants . It is about 4 miles long and 1% broad, an area of fully 3 square miles. The coast is bold and rocky, the cliffs in many places rising from 100 to 200 feet in height. In the interior the soil is fertile producing excellent crops of corn and potatoes. About a third of the island is occu pied by grass lands; and the Alderney cows are famous for the richness of their milk. The climate is mild and healthy. The town of Saint Anne is situated in a beautiful valley near the centre of the island. A judge, with six ‘ju rats,' chosen by the people for life, and 12 gdouzaniers," representatives of the people, form a kind of local legislature; but the judge and jurats alone decide upon any measure, the douzaniers having only a deliberative voice.
The French language still continues to prevail among the inhabitants, but all understand and many speak English. Alderney is well forti fied. At Braye there is an extensive granite breakwater, built by the British government to help form a naval station and haven of refuge. The project was a failure. Alderney, Guernsey, Jersey and Sark are the only parts of the duchy of Normandy that have remained under the government of England since 1456. The Race of Alderney is a name given to the strait running between the coast of France and this island. Six miles northwest from Alderney are the Casquets, a cluster of rocks, on the largest of which is a lighthouse and a fog-bell. Pop. <1911) 2,561.