EVANSVILLE, Ind., a city and port of entry of Vanderburg County, of which it is the county-seat, about 185 miles west of Louisville, 192 miles northeast of Cairo, and 180 miles southwest of Indianapolis, on the Ohio River, and the Louisville, E. & St. L., the Louisville & N., the Evansville & T. H. and other rail ways. It is pleasantly located on a high bank of the river. Evansville is the chief shipping point for southwestern Indiana,. and ranks highly among the commercial centres of the State. The neighboring region abounds in coal and the local coal trade is a large one. There is also an important trade in flour, pork, to bacco, grain and timber. There are machine shops and foundries, plow-works, furniture factories, flouring-mills, and manufactures of cottons and woolens, brick and tile, pottery, terra-cotta and fire-clay products, malt liquors, and saddlery and harness. The United States census of manufactures for 1914 showed with in the city limits 297 industrial establishments of factory grade, employing 11,698 persons ,• 10,333 being wage earners, receiving a total of $5,168,000 annually in wages. The capital in
vested aggregated $24,666,000, and the year's output was valued at $31,427,000: of this, $13, 427000 was the value added by manufacture.
The prominent buildings include the United States custom-house, the courthouse, the city hall, the Willard Library, the State Hospital for the Insane, Evans Temperance Hall, Citi zen's National Bank Building and the United States Marine Hospital. There are also 10 parks. Daily and weekly newspapers are pub lished. Evansville was founded by Gen. R. M. Evans in 1817, became the county-seat of Van derburg County in 1819, and was incorporated in 1847. The government is administered by a charter of 3 March 1893, with amendments of 11 March 1895. This instrument provides for a mayor, elected for four years, and a com mon council, one member from each ward for one year and four councilmen at large for two years. The annual expenditure of the munici pality is about $700,000, the annual income about 940,000. The municipality owns the water works, which are operated at a yearly expense of about $30,000. Pop. 96,737.