EXPULSION. 'Usually this word is used to descrthe the act of depnving one or more members of a political or corporate organiza tion, or of a society, of their nght of member ship. The act is frequently brought about by a vote of the organization or society after the submission of a comnuttee report, for some violation of duty or some other offense render ing such member or members, in the opinion of their associates, unfit or unworthy.
It is provided in the Constitution of the United States that the members of the Senate or House of Representatives may expel mem bers of their respective bodies, by a two-thirds vote, for disorderly conduct.
Corporations have the right of expulsion in cases where good order and proper control make the exercise of such power essential as, for example, (1) when the offense is not within corporate duties, but nevertheless disgraceful or infamous, or (2) when the offense is against his duty as a corporation member or officer or director or (3) when the offense is of such a character as to infringe corporation rules and the statutes at the same time.
Before a person can be expelled from a cor poration or society for disgraceful conduct out side of the jurisdiction of such organizations, a previous conviction by jury is necessary. If
the offense is against or in violation of cor poration or society rules or duties, a trial and conviction may be had before the authorities of the organization.
The word "expulsion" is also used to de scribe the ejection of people from meetings when they create a disturbance or otherwise make their presence obnoxious. Those who convene meetings have, under the law, the right to expel objectionable persons, providing they use only as much force as is necessary for the purpose.
Club members are liable to expulsion under the rules of the club to which they belong. They have an appeal to the courts for reinstate ment on the ground that membership in a club is a form of property.
Non-members of any organization, if present at any meeting of such organizations, are liable to expulsion.
The Constitution of the United States pro vides that Federal judges cannot be expelled from their posts during good behavior. See DISFRANCHISEMENT.