GLANDERS, the most dangerous form of equinia, and one of the most formidable dis eases to which horses are subject. It is diag nosed by a discharge from one or both nostrils, with a hard enlargement of the submaxillary glands. It is distinguished into acute and chronic. In acute 'glanders the discharge from both nostrils is so great as ultimately to impede respiration and produce death from suffocation. Chronic glanders may run on for years before it terminates in the acute form of the disease. The discharge is usually confined to one nostril. is only occasional and sometimes trivial, with a moderate swelling of the gland on the affected side. The only other symptom of disease is a harshness of the coal. In the later stages the discharge becomes offensive. The disease is highly infectious, and acute glanders may be communicated to healthy horses and asses, while the animal first affected is still able to feed and work apparently as well as ever. It may even
be communicated to man by the pustular matter coming in contact with any part where the skin is broken; and not a few deaths have happened through this cause. The disease is often diffi cult to determine, as the discharge is only offen sive in the later stages. The symptoms may be mitigated by tonics and other treatment, but it is rarely if ever cured. The disease is now known to he produced by a species of bacillus (maid) about the size of the tubercle-bacillus, discovered in 1882. Latent cases are diagnosed by means of mallein, the injection of which is accompanied by a rise in temperature and an extensive painful swelling at the seat of in jection. See FARCY.