HYDE, Douglas, Irish author and his torian: b. Frenchpark, County Roscommon, 1860. After receiving his bachelor's degree from Trinity College, Dublin, in 1884 and his LL.D. three years later, he became interim professor of modern languages at the State University of New Brunswick (1891). Hyde's chief title to fame rests on his splendid studies of Irish lit erature and his collections of Irish folklore. He is a prominent figure in the Irish national revival. He was president of the Irish Na tional Literary Society (1894-95), and was one of the prime organizers and first president of the Gaelic League, resigning from that office in 1915. In Ireland he is popularly known by the Gaelic pseudonym of Craoibhin Aoib hine (sweet little branch). In 1906 he visited the United States in order to raise funds for the support of the league, and was successful in collecting some $55,000. He was president of the Irish Texts Society; examiner in Celtic to the Royal University of Ireland; assistant editor of the New Irish Library; a member of the Royal Commission on Irish University Edu cation; and a member of the senate and pro fessor of modern Irish in the National Univer sity of Ireland (1909). Hyde's most monumen tal work is his 'Literary History of Ireland> (1899), a fine piece of pioneer scholarship. His other writings are in varied literary forms: lyrics; essays, folktales, plays and history. He
writes with equal fluency and skill both in Gaelic and English. His numerous works in clude 'Leabbar Sgenluigheachta> *(1899) ; 'Be side the Fire> (1890); 'Cois na teincadh> (1891); (Love Songs of Connacht) (1894); 'Three Sorrows of Story Telling' (1895); 'Story of Early Irish (1897); 'An Sgeuluidhe Gaodhalach> (1898-1901; translated into French, 1901); 'Mediaeval Tales from the Irish) (Vol. I of Irish Texts Society, 1899); den Chraoibh> (Irish poems, 1900); an (a play in Irish, 1901); (1902); Ghaedhalach' (1903); (Raftery's Poems' (1904); Bursting of the Bubble,' Posadh,) Cleamhnas,> James,' (The Tinker and the Fairy) (Irish plays, 1905); Religious Songs of Connacht> (1906) ; Fior na Seachtmhaine> (1909); (Maistin an Bheurla' (a play, 1913); of Saints and Sinners from the Irish) (1915). Many of his poems reproduce the exact metre of the orig inal Gaelic verse, and are replete with quaint conceits which show a sympathetic and schol arly handling of the translations. Dr. Hyde has kept aloof from the political and religious embroilments which have torn the Irish nation alists, preferring always to keep the main prob lem above party interest.