ILOCOS SUR, soor, Philippines, a prov ince of Luzon, on the west coast, bounded on the north by Ilocos Norte and on the south by Union; length 70 area 492 square miles (including dependent islands). Chief town, Vigan. The eastern boundary consists of a chain of mountains rising 4,150 feet in Nagupu and sloping toward the coast in terraces; the rivers are small. The coast road runs through the province from north to south, connecting the important towns and villages. The soil is fertile, the principal products are rice, corn, sugar, indigo, chocolate, peanuts and vegetables; the chief industries, other than agriculture, are the weaving of cotton cloth, the manufacture of baskets, hats, card cases and pipes, and cattle raising. There is also considerable trade, carried on mainly through the native markets in the different towns, and some export. Civil government was established 1 Sept. 1901. Pop. 187,500, mostly Ilocanos.
ILOILO, E-1•5-e'18, Philippines, province of Panay, including the eastern and southeastern coast of the island; greatest length, Ill miles; area, 2,102 miles (with dependent islands). A range of mountains follows the northern and western boundary lines; the rest of the surface is undulating, sloping to the sea. There
are several large rivers, the most important be ing the Jalaur and the Jaro. This province has some of the best roads in the archipelago; the principal towns are connected with the capital, Iloilo, and some of the rivers are nav igable for native boats to the foot of the mountains. The products include sugar-cane, corn, rice, coffee, chocolate, tobacco and hemp; there are also in the province deposits of gold and iron, stone quarries and extensive forests. The chief industries are live-stock raising, the weaving of fabrics of pineapple fibre (pifia) and cotton and the manufacture of sugar. In 1899 the United States troops occupied the province, immediately began operations against the insurgents who were located there with headquarters at Santa Barbara, and succeeded in dispersing their forces. In April 1901 civil government was established. The inhabitants are mostly of the Visayan race and are gen erally Catholic, though some of the mountain tribes are still heathen. Pop. 423,500.