LENBACH, Franz von, feints fon German painter: b. Schrobenhausen, Upper Bavaria, 13 Dec. 1836; d. Munich, 6 May 1904. His father was a stone mason and in boyhood he followed his father's trade. As a youth he painted portraits at a guider (40 cents) each. At the suggestion of Hofner, the animal painter, he turned to the study of art and be came a pupil of Geyer in Augsburg. He subse quently, attended the Munich Academy for a short time and then for two years studied the technique of painting under Grafle. From 1855 to 1857 he lived as one of the artistic co terie of Schrobenhausen and painted portraits, landscapes and animals. He then attached him self to Piloty and as the pupil of that artist ac companied him to Rome. Here he applied himself to the study of the old masters and painted his picture 'The Roman Forum,) whose vivid coloring and grandeur of design made his reputation. After his return to Germany he painted several portraits, which were dis tinguished by a power of coloring rivaling that of the Venetian school, and a vivid character ization and chiaroscuro which recalled Rem brandt. .He was for a few years teacher in the Weimar school of art, but eventually returned to Munich and attracted the attention of Baron von Schack, who engaged him to visit Italy and Spain for the purpose of making copies of the principal paintings of Giorgione, Velasquez, Titian, Rubens and others. The copies executed by the painter have all the in dividual tone and color of each original and he developed immensely his own power and style by their production. This appears most plainly from an examination of his portraits which, original and fresh as they are, show plainly that the master had trained himself in the school of Titian, Rembrandt and Velas quez. Though his drawing is sometimes weak
and incorrect, his paintings nevertheless are characterized by powerful modeling, life-like expression, and as a portrait painter while he disregarded contour, his remarkable sense of character enabled him to see to the soul of his sitter with genial and sympathetic intuition. It is from his series of portraits of the makers of modern Germany that these men will be known to posterity— the force and vividness of which reflect their personalities. He painted the Emperor William I in the last year of that monarch's life; he executed several portraits of Von Moltke and 100 portraits or sketches of Bismarck, their features becom ing familiar to the world largely from the numerous reproductions of these inimitable pictures, now looked upon as classic examples of German art. Bismarck especially appears in these canvases in every attitude and cos tume, civil and military, which he assumed. Many of these portraits are in the picture galleries of Berlin. He painted in his time every living man of eminence in Europe from Gladstone to Leo XIII. He was less success ful with feminine types. He also executed many pastel portraits as well as single ideal figures ('Sakuntala,> 'Herodias,' etc.). He was a Royal Bavarian professor. Honors were rained upon him. He was ennobled by the Prince Regent of Bavaria. He married a grand-niece of Von Moltke. A collection of heliogravure reproductions of his paintings was published at Munich in 1891.