Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 17 >> Lemurs to Lied Von Der Glocke

Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 17

Lemurs
Lemurs, Lemerz, The Curious Monkey Like Animals, Or °half-apes') Forming The Group Lemuroidea Within The Order Primates, Where They Stand Lowest In Rank. They Are Divisible Into Three Families, Lemuridce, Tarsiidce And The Last Contains Only The Aye Aye (q.v.) ; And The Second Only The Malayan Tarsiers (q.v.). The ...

Lenau
Lenau, La-non, Nikolaus (pseudonym For Nikolaus Franz Edler Von Niembsch Von Strehlenau), Austrian Poet: B. Csatid, Near Temesvar, Hungary, 13 Aug. 1802; D. In The Insane Asylum At Oberctabling, Austria, 22 Aug. 1850. His Father, Franz, Was An Official Of The Hungarian Treasury (d. 1807); His Mother, Who Later (1811) ...

Lenbach
Lenbach, Franz Von, Feints Fon German Painter: B. Schrobenhausen, Upper Bavaria, 13 Dec. 1836; D. Munich, 6 May 1904. His Father Was A Stone Mason And In Boyhood He Followed His Father's Trade. As A Youth He Painted Portraits At A Guider (40 Cents) Each. At The Suggestion Of Hofner, ...

Lenfant
L'enfant, Pierre Charles, French-american Engineer: B. France, 1755; D. Prince George's County, Md., 4 June 1825. A Lieutenant In The Provisional Service Of France, In Whose Best Military Institutions He Had Been Trained, He Came To America With Lafayette In April 1777; Built Fort Mifflin (on The Dela Ware), Which ...

Lenine
Lenine, Nikolai (also Known Under His Real Name Nikolai Ilyitch Ulyanov, And Un Der Another Pseudonym, Vladimir Ilyin), Russian Socialist: B. 1870, Of A Noble Origin. Like A Brother, Who Was Hanged When Lenine Was 17 Years Old, For Plotting To Kill The Tsar, Lenine Began His Revolutionary Activity When ...

Lens
Lens, A Transparent Body, Generally Glass, Which Refracts The Rays Of Light Convergently Or Divergently. Converging Lenses, Properly Speak Ing, Are Called Positive (trade Designation Plus, +), Because They Bring Rays Of Light To An Actual Focus, Forming A Real Image. Con Verging Lenses Give, Under Suitable Conditions, A Magnified ...

Lenstrom
Lenstrom; Lan'strem, Carl Julius, Swedish Clergyman, Poet And Critic: B. Gefle, 9 May 1811; D. Vester-llifsta. 6 April 1893. He Was Educated At The University! Of Upsala And Took Orders In 1834. He Was Instructor In The History Of Literature At Upsala In 1836-43, And Lecturer In Philosophy At The ...

Lenthall
Lenthall, William, English Parlia Mentarian: B. Henley-on-thames, June 1591; D. Besselsleigh, 9 Nov. 1681. He Was Educated At Oxford, Was Called To The Bar At Lincoln's Inn In 1616 And Became A Bencher In 1633. He Was Member Of Parliament For Woodstock In The Short Parliament, April 1640, And Was ...

Leo Africanus
Leo Africanus (known Variously As Johannes Leo; Juan Leo; Giovanni Lao, Or Leone; Eliberitanus ; And, Among The Moors, As Al Hassan Ibn Mahom Med Al Wezaz Al Faso , Moorish Traveler And Geographer: B. Probably Granada, About 1485 Or 1494; D. Tunis, About 1552. He Came Of A Noble ...

Leo I
Leo I, Saint (surnamed The Great), Pope From 440-461: B. Rome Or Tuscany; D. Rome, 10 Nov. 461. Of The Roman Popes Only Leo I And Gregory I Received The Designation "great." The Earliest Definite Information Con Cerning Leo Reveals Him In 429 A Deacon Of The Roman Church Under ...

Leo Iii
Leo Iii (surnamed The Isaurian), By Zantine Emperor: B. In Isauria, But By Some Authorities In Germanicia, In The Syrian Province Of Commagene, About 680; D. 18 June 741. He Entered The Army Of Justinian Ii, Rose To Distinction And Under Anastasius 'ii Became Supreme Commander Of The Army In ...

Leo Ix
Leo Ix, Saint (13rtmo), Pope (1049 54) : B. Egisheim, Near Colmar, On The Borders Of Alsace, 21 June 1002; D. Rome, 19 April 1054. He Came Of A Noble Family And Through His Father Was Second Cousin To Emperor Con Rad Ii. He Was Educated At Toul, Became Canon ...

Leo Vi
Leo Vi (the Philosopher), Byzantine Emperor: B. 865; D. 911. He Was The Son Of Basilius, The Macedonian, And In 886 Succeeded To The Throne Jointly With His Younger Brother, Alexander, Who, However, Took No Share In Gov Erning. His Reign Was Marked By Various Wars With Barbarian States, Including ...

Leo Xiii Ioachim Vincent
Leo Xiii (ioachim Vincent Raphael I Lodovico Pecci),pope (1878-1903) : B.carpinto, 2 March 1810; D. Rome, 20 July 1903. His Father Was Count Domenico Lodovico Pecci, And His Mother Anna Prosperi-buzi. The Palace In Which Joachim Was Born Was The Coun Try House Of The Family. Count Lodovico Pecci Confided ...

Leominster
Leominster, Lbnin-ster, Mass., A Town Of Worcester County, 40 Miles West Northwest Of Boston, On The Nashua River, And On The New York, New Haven And Hartford And The Boston And Maine Railroads. The Town Is Well Laid Out, Has Handsome Residential Sec Tions, Six Churches, 20 Schools, A Public ...

Leon
Leon, Juan Vasquez De, Spanish Con Quistador And Companion Of Cortes During His First Venture In The Land Of The Aztecs. He Was One Of The Half A Dozen Or More Com Panions Of The Conqueror Who Were Of Noble Blood; And Leon, Who Was A Near Relative Of The ...

Leon Pinelo
Leon Pinelo, Antonio De, Spanish Writer : B. Peru, Between 1585 And 1590; D. About 1660. He Held Various Offices Of Import- Ance Under The Council Of The Indies And The Spanish Government. As He Was Born Of Spanish Parents, In The American Colony Of Peru And Educated, At Least ...

Leopardi
Leopardi, Giacomo, Comm Italian Scholar And Poet: B. Recanati, In The Marshes Of Ancona, 29 June 1798; D. Naples, 15 June 1837. He Devoted Himself From An Early Age To Study In The Fine Library Of His Father, And When He Readied His 15th Year Was Master Of Latin And ...

Leopold
Leopold (1e5-01d) I (george Tux Frederick), King Of The Belgians: B. Co Burg, 16 Dec. 1790,• D. 10 Dec. 1865. He Was The Fourth Son Of Francis, Duke Of Saxe Coburg, And After Receiving A Careful Literary And Scientific Education And Spending Some Years In Foreign Travel, He Entered The ...

Leopold I
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor: B. Vienna, 9 June 1640; D. There, 5 May 1705. He Was Second Son Of The Emperor Ferdinand Iii Of The House Of Hapsburg And Of Maria Anna Of Spain, And Was Educated For The Church, When The Death Of His Brothers Made Him Heir ...

Leopold Ii
Leopold Ii (louts Philippe Marie Victor), King Of The Belgians: B. Brussels, 9 April 1835; D. Brussels, 17 Dec. 1909. He Was The Eldest Son Of Leopold I, And Married In 1853 Maria Henrietta, Archduchess Of Austria (d. 1902), Daughter Of Archduke Joseph Of Austria. He Early Manifested Great Interest ...

Lepidoptera
Lepidoptera (gr. Relic, Scale; Irrep4v, Wing) : An Order Of The Class Insecta, Compris Ing The Butterflies And Moths. The Name Was Given To The Order Because The Wings Are Covered With Little Scales, Or Flattened Hairs. The Lepi Doptera Undergo In Their Development A Com Plete Metamorphosis, Passing Through ...

Leprosy
Leprosy, A Term Very Vaguely Used By Medical And Other Writers To Denote A Disease, Le/ra Tuberculosa, Which Appears To Have Pre Vailed From The Earliest Time Down To The Present. The Bacillus Leprce Was Discovered By Hansen In 1868. The Most Prominent Symp Toms Of The Disease Are As ...

Lerida
Lerida, Spain, A Northeastern Province Of Ancient Catalonia; Area, 4,690 Square Miles; Pop. 291,850; Density 60.4 To The Square Mile. Capital Lerida (q.v.). Lgrmontof, Mikhail Y6ryevitch, Rus Sian Poet And Novelist: B. Moscow, 1814; D. 15 July 1841. He Was Descendant Of A Scotch Man, Named Learmont, Who Emigrated To ...

Leroy Beaulieu
Leroy-beaulieu, Henri Jean Baptiste Anatole, French Historical Writer: B. Lisieux, Calvados, 1842; D. 16 June 1912. He Was A Brother Of Pierre Paul Leroy Beaulieu (q.v.). In 1881 He Was Appointed To The Chair Of Modern History In The Ecole Libre Des Sciences Politiques, And In 1887 Was Elected To ...

Les Chatiments
Les Chatiments, La Shat'e-maie. 'les Chatiments,) One Of The Important Poetical Works Of Victor Hugo, Was Written During His Exile After The Coup D'etat Of 2 Dec. 1851. A Partial Edition Published In Brussels Prompted The Author To Give A Complete Edition From The Channel Island Of Jersey Where Be ...

Les Lettres Persanes
Les Lettres Persanes. The Per Sian Letters (1721) Of Montesquieu Was A Lively Political Satire, Spiced With Rather Warm Imaginings Of Life In An Oriental Seraglio. Behind The Transparent Veil Of A Setting For Eign To French Ways, The Letters Offer A Keen And Trenchant Criticism Of The Whole Social ...

Leslie
Leslie, Charles Robert, American Genre Painter: B. London, England, 19 Oct. 1794; D. There, 5 May 1859. His Parents Were Cans, The Father Being A Watchmaker Of Phila Delphia, And To That City They Returned With The Boy In 1800. There He Completed His Educa Tion At The University Of ...

Lesseps
Lesseps, Les'e'ps (fr. Le-seps), Ferdinand, Vicomte De, French Diplomat: B. Versailles, 19 Nov. 1805; D. 7 Dec. 1894. He Entered The Diplomatic Service In 1828, And After Being'con Sul At Various Places Was Ambassador To Mad Rid In 1848-49. In 1854 He Went To Egypt At The Invitation Of The ...

Lesser
Lesser, Isaac, American Rabbi And Journalist: B. Neuenkirchen, Prussia, 12 Dec. 1806; D. Philadelphia, 1 Feb. 1868. In His 18th Year He Removed To Richmond, Va., Where He At First Engaged In Business. In 1829 He Became Hazan Or Minister Of Congregation Mikveh Israel Of Philadelphia. His First Work, Jews ...

Lessing
Lessing, Karl Friedrich, Kid German Painter, Grand-nephew Of G. E. Lessing (q.v.) ; B. Wartenberg, Silesia, 15 Feb. 1808; D. Karlsruhe, Baden, 5 June 1880. He Was Sent About 1822 To The Architectural School Of Ber Lin, To Fit Himself For An Architect. After A Severe Struggle Between Duty And ...

Letchworth Park And Arbo
Letchworth Park And Arbo Retum. Letchworth Park Comprises A Tract Of Land Of 1,000 Acres In Extent, Lying On Either Side Of The Genesee River In Livingston And Wyoming Counties, New York. The Property Was Acquired In 1907, By Gift From William Pryor Letchworth To The State Of New York, ...

Lethbridge
Lethbridge, Canada, A City In Alberta, Capital Of The Medicine Hat District, 700 Miles West Of Winnipeg And 145 Miles Southwest Of Calgary. It Is In Lat. 49° 42' N. And Long. 112° 51' W., And Is 2,990 Feet Above Sea-level. It Lies On The Old Man (belly) River, The ...

Letters
Letters, The, Of Marie De Rabutin Chantal, Marquise De Sevigne (1626-96), Pre Sent A Correspondence Of Rare Historical, Social And Personal Interest In A Style Seldom Ap Proached In Vivacity, Limpidity And Deftness. Some Letters From Others Are Included And The Collection Is Extended Beyond Madame De Se Vigne's Life, ...

Letters In Literature
Letters In Literature. The Let Ter, Primarily A Personal And Utilitarian Com Position, Passes Over Into The Field Of Literary Interest By Processes Often Gradual And Difficult To Define; So That, Although We Commonly Dis• Tinguish Separate Types, Such As Informal Letters Intended Only For The Eyes Of Those Directly ...

Letters To Dead Authors
Letters To Dead Authors. Of All The Volumes Of Literary Criticism In Eng Lish Published Within The Past Generation Per Haps None Is Saner In Content And More Cap Tivating In Style Than Andrew Lang's 'letters To Dead Authors.' Written, As The Author States, At The Request Of The Editor ...

Lettic Language And Litera
Lettic Language And Litera Ture, The Speech And Literary Production Of The Letts, Who Inhabit Courland, Livonia, Kovno, Pskov And Vitebsk, Also In East Prus Sia, Brazil And In The Lettish Colonies In The United States. The Language Is Spoken By 1,750,000 People. It Forms With Lithuanian And The Now ...

Lettuce
Lettuce, 16tis, A Genus (lactuca) Of Hardy Annual And Perennial Herbs Of The Order Composite. Less Than 10 Of The 100 Recognized Species, Which Are Distributed Mainly In The Northern Hemisphere, Are In Cultivation, And Some Botanists Consider These To Be Merely Forms Of Three Or Perhaps Two Species. They ...

Levee
Levee, Le-ve' Or Ley'e (from The French Word Lever, To Rise, And The Time Of Rising). (1) In Social 1 Cc Is A Word Used In High Life Or Court Language For The Ceremonial Visits Which Great Personages Receive In The Morning, As It Were At Their Rising. The Levee ...

Leviathan
Leviathan, The. Hobbes' (levia Than) Appeared In 1651 At The End Of The Civil War Which Left Cromwell In Power. In Many Ways It Was The Child Of These Rebellious Times, Though It Was Not, As Is Sometimes Charged, A Defense Of The Stuart Monarchy. Far From Be Ing A ...

Levites
Levites, Levits, Those Of The Tribe Of Levi Who Were Not Priests. They Were The Min Isters Specially Singled Out For The Service Of The Sanctuary, And, With The Priests, Formed The Sacerdotal Tribe. After The Idolatry Of The Golden Calf, The Levites Were The First To Rally Round Moses, ...

Leviticus
Leviticus, Book Of. Leviticus Is The Third Book In The Old Testament. Its Hebrew Name Is Wayy4ra, "and He Called;' After The Opening Word Of The Book. The Designation Leviticus, Which Means That Is, "the Levitical System"— The Levitical System Is Found Chiefly In This Book — Originated With The ...

Lewes
Lewes, Wks, George Henry, English Philosophical Writer: B. London, 18 April 1817; D. There, 30 Nov. 1878. He Was In Turn Clerk, Medical Student And Student Of Philosophy In Germany, Whence He Returned To England In 1840 To Devote Himself To General Literature. His First Important Work Was His 'biograph ...

Lewis
Lewis, James Hamilton, American Legis Lator: B. Danville, Va., 18 May 1866. He Re Moved To Augusta, Ga., Was Educated At Hough Ton College And At The University Of Virginia. He Studied Law At Savannah And Was Admitted To The Bar In 1884. In 1886 He Removed To Seattle, Wash., ...

Lewis And Clark Expedition
Lewis And Clark Expedition, The, In American History, A Celebrated Expedi Tion To The Northwestern Part Of The United States In 1803, Under The Command Of Capt. Meriwether Lewis Of Virginia And Capt. Wil Liam Clark, The Results Of Which Gave A More Definite Idea Of Our Natural Resources In ...

Lewiston
Lewiston, Me., The Second City In Size In The State, 35 Miles North Of Portland, On The East Bank Of The Androscoggin River, And On The Line Of The Maine Central And Grand Trunk Railways; Incorporated A Town 1,8 Feb. 1795, With A Population Of 600; Incorporated As A City ...

Lexington
Lexington, Ky., City And County-seat Of Fayette County, Metropolis Of The Famous Blue Grass Section, Is On The Southern, The Chesapeake And Ohio, The Queen And Crescent And The Louisville And Nashville Railroads, With 42 Passenger Trains Daily, And Is Connected With Five Blue Grass County Seats By Interurban Railways ...

Lexington And Concord
Lexington And Concord, Battles Of, In The American Revolution. Learning That The Colonists Had Collected A Quantity Of Mili Tary Stores At Concord, Mass., Gen. Thomas Gage (q.v.), Commander Of The British Troops At Boston, Sent 800 Troops Under Lieut.-col. Francis Smith And Maj. John Pitcairn (q.v.) To Seize These ...

Lexington_2
Lexington, Mass., Town, In Middlesex County, On The Boston And Maine Railroad, About 12 Miles Northwest Of Boston. The Town Contains The Villages Of Lexington, East Lex Ington And North Lexington. Lexington Was Settled In 1642, Was Long Known As 'cambridge Farms And Was Incorporated As A Town In 1713. ...

Lexington_3
Lexington, Siege Of. After The Battle Of Wilson's Creek (q.v.), Mo., 10 Aug. 1861, Gen. Sterling Price, Abandoned By Mcculloch And His Troops, Appealed To The Secessionists Of Missouri To Fill His Depleted Ranks; And About The Middle Of August He Moved Northward Toward The Missouri River, Skirmished With A ...

Leyden
Leyden, Wan, Or Leiden, Nether Lands, An Important Town In The Province Of South Holland,' 22 Miles By. Rail Southwest Of Amsterdam, On Both Sides Of The Old Rhine, Which Flows Through The Town By Several Branches. The Neighborhood Is Marked By Wind-mills, Country-seats, Pleasure-grounds, Gardens And Fertile Meadows, And ...

Leyte
Leyte, Laita, Philippines, A Province Con Sisting Of The Island Of Leyte And 40 Dependent Islands, Discovered By Magellan In 1521; Area Of Leyte 3,872 Square Miles; Area Dependent Islands 342 Square Miles; Total 4,214 Square Miles. Leyte Lies Southeast Of Luzon, South West Of Samar, From Which It Is ...

Lhasa
Lhasa, Ihi'sa, Or Lassa, Las'si, Tibet, The Capital Of The Country And The °rome* Or "mecca" Of Buddhism, Its Name Signifying The °place Of God,° Is Picturesquely Situated In A Valley Plain Surrounded By Mountains Rising From The K-chu, A Left Affluent Of The Sanpo Or Upper Brahmaputra, About 280 ...

Li Hung Chang
Li Hung Chang, Le Hoong Ching, Chinese Statesman And Diplomatist : B. Lu-chow, Province Of Ngan-hwei, 16 Feb. 1823 (or Per Haps 1819) ; D. Peking, 7 Nov. 1901. He Re Ceived A Thorough Education, Passing Through The Successive Grades Of Scholarship, With The Severe Examinations Which In China Must ...

Liberal Republican Party
Liberal Republican Party, In American Politics, A Party Organized In 1872 By Republicans, Who Were Dissatisfied With Gen Eral Grant's First Administration As President. At A Convention Held By Them In Cincinnati, In That Year, Carl Schurz Was Elected Its President, And A Platform Adopted Demanding Civil Service Reform, Local ...

Liberia
Liberia, A Republic On The West Coast Of Africa; The Only Part Of The Continent Remain Ing In Negro Hands And Under Negro Control. Situated In What Was Formerly Known As Up Per Guinea, It Extends For Some 350 Miles Along The Coast, From Mario River On The West To ...

Liberty
Liberty, Statue Of, The Name Of A Co Lossal Statue On Bedloe's Island In New York Harbor. On 28 Oct. 1886, After More Than 12 Years Of Preparation, This Statue, Given By The People Of France To The United States, Was Dedicated And Unveiled. The Statue Was The Conception Of ...

Liberty
Liberty, Religious. Religious Liberty Is The Right Or Freedom Of A Person To Wor Ship Or Not To Worship According To His Own Understanding And Preferences, And, Within The Requirements Of Public Order, Of Teaching His Religious Beliefs Without Hindrance Or Molesta Tion; The Complete Equality Of All Religions Be ...

Liberty Party
Liberty Party, The First Political Organization Of The American Abolitionists (q.v.). The Anti-slavery Society Was Com Posed Of Two Wings Steadily And At Last De Cisively Diverging: The Politicals, Who Wished The Work To Be Carried On As Other Reform Measures Are, By Massing Its Supporters, And Either Winning A ...

Liberty Of The Press
Liberty Of The Press. Liberty Of The Press Means Not Only Freedom To Publish One's Thought In Printed Form But Freedom Of Speech As Well, There Being No Essential Differ Ence Between The Written And Spoken Word. Liberty To Publish By Speech Or Print One's Own Opinions, Subject To Certain ...

Libido
Libido, A Term Introduced Into Analytic Psychology In 1895 By Sigmund Freud Of Vienna And Used By Him To Denote The Vital Urge Or Drive Or Craving, Which Is Behind All Human Endeavor And Especially The Desire Of The Re Productive Instincts. Jung Of Zurich Has Sub Stituted For It ...

Libraries
Libraries, Ancient. The Written Word In Some Form Or Other Is Of Immemorial Antiq Uity. Discoveries In Crete And Assyria-babylonia And At Susa (persia) Have Proved That Relatively Advanced Civilizations Were In Ex Istence As Nearly As 6000 Years Ile., And That The Art Of Writing Had Been Developed At ...

Libraries
Libraries, Mediaeval And Renaissance. —with The Disruption Of The Western Empire, Learning Passed Into Eclipse. It Is Impossible To Estimate What Has Been Lost To The World During That Period Of Political And Intellectual Twilight. What Was Saved Was Saved By Mon Asteries, For They Became The Refuge Of Both ...

Library
Library. Pergamon Libraries.— Hardly Less Famous Than The Alexandrian Libraries Were Those Founded By The Kings Of Pergamus. During The Two Centuries Prior To The Christian Era, Greek Civilization Reached An Astonishing Height In The Cities Of Asia Minor. Among These, Pergamon Was The Most Noted For Its Love Of ...

Library Administration
Library Administration. In Recent Years The Conception Of A Library's Field And Functions Has Grown So Rapidly That H Brary Administration Has Become A Recognized Science With Problems Vastly Broader And Deeper And Demanding Well-equipped Profes Sional Schools Giving Systematic Instruction Those In Whose Charge The Leading Libraries Will Be ...

Library Architecture And Construction
Library Architecture And Construction. The Problems Of Library Construction Have Been Considered So Often Dur Ing The Last Few Decades That The Erection Of A Faulty Library Building Would Appear Unneces Sary, Yet, Judging From Complaints Made By Librarians From Time To Time, Some Of The Build Ings Erected Have ...

Library Laws And Legisla
Library Laws And Legisla Tion In The United States. As In The Case Of Education, Each State Has Complete Control Of The Library Situation Within Its Bound Aries. In Many States The Libraries Have Re Ceived Great Assistance And Encouragement From The State Administration; In Many Others, On The Contrary, ...

Library Periodicals
Library Periodicals. The Spe Cial Publications Devoted To Library Work Throughout The•world Will Be Found Detailed By Nations In The Following List : United States.—american Library Annual (new York 1911-) ; American Library Asso Ciation. Bulletin (chicago 1907-) ; American Library Association. Proceedings (chicago) ; Bibliographical Society Of America. Papers ...

Library Training M W
Library Training. M. W. Schret Finger, In His (versuch Eines Vollstandigen Lehr Buchs Der Bibliotheks-wissenschaft) (munich 1829) Was Probably First To Suggest Special Schools For Training Librarians. F. Rullman, Librarian Of The University Of Freiburg, In 1874 Outlined A University Course In Library Science. The Older Libraries And Librarians Were ...

Libri Carrucci Della Som Maia
Libri-carrucci Della Som Maia, Guillaume Brutus Idle Tintoleen, Ge-yom Broo-tiis &set Lebre Roo'che Della S6m-ma'ya, Count, French Mathe Matician: B. Florence, Italy, 2 Jan. 1803; D. Near Fiesole, Italy, 28 Sept. 1869. His•father Was An Italian Adventurer, In 1816 Condemned At Lyons To 10 Years' Imprisonment At Hard Labor And ...

License
License, In Law, Permission By Proper Authority, As To Enter Upon Land, Sell Liquor, Etc.; Also, The Written Or Printed Document Giving Snch Authority. Among The Most Im Portant Of Private Licenses Are Licenses To Enter Land, Licenses To Make Or Sell Patented Articles And Licenses Granting The Sole Right ...

Lichens
Lichens, Li-kenz (lat. Lichen, Lichen, Gr. Reix0), A Large But Artificial Group Of The Higher Fungi (carpophyta), Characterized By Parasitic Growth Upon The Lower Blue-green And Yellow-green Algae (protophyta, Chlorophy Cede). Lichens Are Of The Wildest Occurrence In Nature, Appearing As Gray, Yellow And Brown Crusts Or Masses Almost Everywhere ...

Lichnowsky
Lichnowsky, Prince Karl Max, Ger Man Diplomat: B. 8 March 1860. His Father Was Prince (furst) Lichnowsky, A General Of Cavalry, And His Mother A Princess Of Croy. He Is The Head Of An Old Noble Bohemian Family And Of Immense Wealth, Possessing Estates At Kuchelna In Silesia And Gratz ...

Lichnowsky Memorandum
Lichnowsky Memorandum, A Remarkable Document And A Valuable Contribu Tion To The Pre-history Of The European War, Written In Retirement Of Prince •lichnowsky (q.v.), Former German Ambassador In London. Under The Title Of 'my Mission To London, 1912-1914' And Dated "kuchelna (prussia) August 1916," The Ex-ambassador Reviewed The Course Of ...

Lick Observatory
Lick Observatory, Astronomical Department Of The University Of California. James Lick (q.v.), By Deeds Made In 1874 And 1875, Charged A Board Of Trustees To Expend The Sum Of $700,000 For The Purpose Of Purchasing Land And Constructng °a Telescope Superior To And More Powerful Than Any Telescope Yet Made ...

Liddon
Liddon, Lid'on, Henry Parry, English Preacher And Theologian: B. North Stoneham, Hampshire, 20 Aug. 1829; D. Weston-super Mare, 9 Sept. 1890. He Was Educated At King's College School And Christ Church, Oxford, Where He Was Graduated In 1850. He Was Or Dained To The Priesthood In 1853, And In The ...

Liebig
Liebig, Justus, Yoos'toos Le'big, Baron Vox, German Chemist: B. Darmstadt, 12 May 1803; D. Munich, 18 April 1873. He Studied In Bonn And Erlangen, Was Graduated In 1822 And The Same Year Went To Paris, Where He Gained The Favor Of Humboldt By His Paper On Fulminic Acid And The ...

Liebknecht
Liebknecht, Lep'kneht, Karl (paul August Ferdinand), German Socialist Leader: B. Leipzig, 13 Aug. 1871; D. 15 Jan. 1919. The Eldest Son Of The Famous Socialist, Wilhelm Liebknecht (q.v.), He Was A Lawyer By Profes Sion And, Since 1912, A Member Of The Reichstag Representing The Constitutency Wherein The Ex-kaiser Resided ...

Liebknecht_2
Liebknecht, Wilhelm, German So Cialist: B. Giessen, 29 March 1826; D. Berlin, 6 Aug. 1890. He Studied At The University Of Giessen And Later At Marburg And Berlin. He Was Early Interested In The Writings Of St. Simon, And In 1848 Went To Paris To Take Part In The Revolution ...

Lied Von Der Glocke
Lied Von Der Glocke, Das. This Poem Of Schiller's Deals With The Casting Of A Bell From The Moment When The Mold Is Com Pleted To The One In Which The New Bell Is Lifted From The Pit. In 10 Stanzas Distributed All Through The Poem The Different Stages Of ...