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Leon Pinelo

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LEON PINELO, Antonio de, Spanish writer : b. Peru, between 1585 and 1590; d. about 1660. He held various offices of import- ance under the Council of the Indies and the Spanish government. As he was born of Spanish parents, in the American colony of Peru and educated, at least in part, in Spain, where his parents were highly connected, he seems to have always enjoyed the confidence of the Spanish authorities. At an early age he gave much attention to collecting documents information nformation bearing on the history of the New World and especially of Spain's connec tion with it. Not satisfied with the result of his investigations in Peru and Mexico, both of which countries then contained notable archives, he returned to Spain to search there the rec ords and other documents relating to the Americas. It was due to these labors that he became historian to the Council of the Indies. This position he filled so well that he became known as the best chronicler of the affairs of the New World up to his time. He wrote nu merous works, some of which were published during his lifetime and others of which long lay in manuscript. Among these works are 'Epitome de la Biblioteca Oriental y Occiden tal, Nautica y (Madrid 1629); CTratado de confirmaciones reales de encomi endas, oficios y casos en que se requieren pars las Indias occidentales> (Madrid 1630) • 'Re copilaciOn de las leyes de Indias> (Madrid 1628 and 1680) ; 'Aparato politico de las Indias occidentales> (1653) paraiso en el Nuevo Mundo> (1656); 'Consejo Real y Supremo de las Indias, su ongen y Jurisdiccion, y los presi dentes, consejeros, fiscales y secretarios que desde su fundaciOn ha tenido) (Madrid 1658); 'RelaciOn de las fiestas de la Congregacion de Lima y la limpia ConcepciOn de Nuestra (Lima) ; 'Historia natural de las In dias occidentales> (Madrid); y grandezas historicas y politicas de la Ciudad de los Reyes Lima) (Madrid); 'Historia de la Villa Imperial del 'Poema de la Con cepci6n Purisima de Nuestra ; 'Velos antiguos y modemos en los rostros de las mujeres, sus conveniencias y danos, ilustraciOn de la Real Pregmitica des las (Madrid); 'Question moral si el chocolate quebranta el ayuno eclesiastico: tratase de otras bedidas y con fecciones que se usan en varias provincias> (Madrid); 'Oracion pane girica a la presentacion de Nuestra (Madrid); Tor la pintura y esencion de pagar alcavalas> (Madrid); 'Vida del ilus trisimo y reberentisimo D. Toribio Alfonso de

Modrouejo arzobispo de la Ciudad de los Reyes Lima) (Madrid 1653); 'Discurso sobre la importancia, forma y disposicion de la Reco pilaciOn de las leyes de 'Acuerdos del Consejo de Indias> (Madrid 1658) ; 'Gobierno espiritual eclesiastico de las Indias> ; 'Anales historia de Madrid desde el nacimiento de Christo hasta 1658.> A very considerably larger lisi of titles of works by Leon Pinelo is pre served by the 'Biblioteca Nova de Nicolas Consult any good history of Spanish literature.