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sciences, moral and france

LEROY-BEAULIEU, Henri Jean Baptiste Anatole, French historical writer: b. Lisieux, Calvados, 1842; d. 16 June 1912. He was a brother of Pierre Paul Leroy Beaulieu (q.v.). In 1881 he was appointed to the chair of modern history in the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques, and in 1887 was elected to the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences. He became director of the former institution in 1906. He contributed extensively to the Revue des Deux Mondes and in 1882 the important work, (L'Empire des Tsars et les Russes,) a study of Russian history, poli tics and civilization. Others of his publications are (La France, la Russie, et ]'Europe' (1888); Revolution et Liberalisme) (1890) , Congregations religieuse et ]'expansion de la France); russes et europeermes); et Socialisme' (1905).

Pierre Paul, French economist: b. Saumur, Maine-et-Loire, 9 Dec. 1843; d. Paris, 10 Dec. 1916. He was edu cated at the Lycee Bonaparte and the Ecole de Droit of Paris and the universities of Bonn and Berlin; became a journalist at Paris; wrote his d'Etat Moral et Intellectuel des Populations Ouvrieres) (1868), crowned by the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences; as sisted in founding the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques and was appointed professor of finance there in 1872. In 1880 he became pro

fessor of political economy in the College de France. He established in 1873 L'Economiste Francais, which he continued to edit. In 1878 he was elected to the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences. He came into promi nence in 1912 by an arresting appeal to the French people, in which he pointed out the grave dangers of the depopulation and dena tionalization of France owing to the declining birthrate. Among his further writings are Colonisation chez les Peuples Modemes) (1873); 'Precis d'Economie Politique' (1888); Theorique et Practique d'Economie Politique' (1895); Renovation de 1'Aise, Sibefie, Chine, Japon) (Eng. trans. 1000); (La Sahara, le Sudan et les chemins-de-fer transsahariens' (1904) ; United States in the Twentieth Century' (1906) ; (Le Question de Population' (1913).