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statue, pedestal, torch and top

LIBERTY, Statue of, the name of a co lossal statue on Bedloe's Island in New York harbor. On 28 Oct. 1886, after more than 12 years of preparation, this statue, given by the people of France to the United States, was dedicated and unveiled. The statue was the conception of M. Frederic Bartholdi, who de signed it for the Franco-American Union in 1874. It was built by popular subscriptions in France to commemorate the hundredth anni versary of American independence, and re quired over five years for its completion. It was mounted in Paris in October 1881. The American pedestal for the statute was not commenced till April 1883, and was finally finished in 1886. This was built by popular subscription. The statue was erected on an iron framework bolted firmly to the stone ped estal. It was dedicated 23 Oct. 1886. The statue, which is of bronze, is of the following dimensions: Peet Inches Water-level to top of pedestal 149 10 Statue proper to top of torch 151 Total height from water-level 301 3 Heel to to of head 111 6 Length of hand 16 Index-finger •3 0 Circumference at second joint 7 6 Size of finger-nail 13 x 10 in.

Head of chin to cranium. 17 3 Head-thickness from ear to ear 10 0 Distance between the eyes 2 6 Length of nose 4 6 Right arm. length 42 0 Right arm, greatest thickness 12 0 Thickness of waist 35 0 Width of mouth 3 0 Tablet, length 23 7 Tablet, width 13 7 Tablet, thickness 2 0 The statue weighs 450,000 pounds or 225 tons; the bronze alone weighs 200,000 pounds.

Forty persons can stand comfortably in the head, and the torch will hold 12 people. The num ber of steps from the base of the foundation to the top of the torch is 403; from the ground to the top of the pedestal 195 steps. The num ber of steps in the statue from the pedestal to the head is 154, and the ladder leading up through the extended right arm to the torch has 54 rounds. The cost of the statue is esti mated at $250,000; the cost of the pedestal and the erection of the statue, $350,000; total cost of the work completed, $600,000. The light in the torch at the top of the Statue of Liberty is maintained by the lighthouse service of the government. On 2 Dec. 1916 arrangements were completed for the permanent lighting of the entire statue, the signal being given by President Wilson for the turning on of the lights. The funds for •the permanent illumina tion were collected by the New York World through popular subscription. Liberty exceeds in height the Colossus of Rhodes, which was said to have been about 105 feet high. That of Nero is said by Suetonius to have been 120 feet high. The statue of Charles Borromeo, which is still standing on the Lake of Geneva, is 66 feet high and is mounted on a pedestal measuring 46 feet. The celebrated statue of Jupiter carved by Phidias is said to have been 60 feet in height.