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Libri-Carrucci Della Som Maia

inspector-general, published and france

LIBRI-CARRUCCI DELLA SOM MAIA, Guillaume Brutus Idle Tintoleen, ge-yOm broo-tiis &set lebre roo'che della s6m-ma'ya, COUNT, French mathe matician: b. Florence, Italy, 2 Jan. 1803; d. near Fiesole, Italy, 28 Sept. 1869. His•father was an Italian adventurer, in 1816 condemned at Lyons to 10 years' imprisonment at hard labor and to branding for counterfeiting goods, and who finally became a secret agent of the king of the Netherlands. The son became pro fessor at the University of Pisa, where he published in the scientificjournals several arti cles on the theory of numbers, on analysis and the resolution of indeterminate equations of the first degree. Having been compromised by his political views, he fled in 1830 to France, where the friendship of Arago introduced him to the world of science. Naturalized in 1833 as a Frenchman, he was called to the Academy of Sciences as successor of Legendre. He be came inspector-general of public instruction, obtained the cross of the Legion of Honor and was appointed inspector-general of the libraries of France, an office created expressly for him. Several works published by him dur

ing this period gave him a widely extended reputation. Among these were des Sciences Mathernatiques en Italie depuis la Renaissance jusqu'a la fin du 17e slide> (1838— 41) ; (Souvenirs de la jeunesse de Napoleon' (1842); and 'Lettres sur de clerge et la liberte de (1844). • During the latter part of the reign of Louis Philippe, he was suspected of having made use of his office of inspector-general of libraries to plunder them extensively. After the minutest investigation, Libri, who had escaped to London, was found guilty and condemned in June 1850 to 10 years' imprisonment and degradation from public em ployment. A remarkable paper was written on his behalf by Paul Merimee entitled, (Le proces Libri,) and published in 1852 in the Revue des Deux Mondes.