LIDDON, lid'On, Henry Parry, English preacher and theologian: b. North Stoneham, Hampshire, 20 Aug. 1829; d. Weston-super Mare, 9 Sept. 1890. He was educated at King's College School and Christ Church, Oxford, where he was graduated in 1850. He was or dained to the priesthood in 1853, and in the fol lowing year he was appointed vice-principal of Cuddesdon College, which Bishop Wilberforce of Oxford had recently founded, but as his un compromising High Church teaching made him the object of suspicion, he resigned in 1859 and became vice-principal of Saint Edmund's Hall, Oxford. In 1870 he was chosen as Ireland pro fessor of exegesis at Oxford, hut after the Uni versities Commission had completed its work and issued its reforms, which he looked upon as desecration, he resigned (1882). From 1870 till his death he was canon of Saint Paul's and his sermons under the dome attracted crowds of breathless hearers. He was in fact the last prominent survivor of the theological school represented by Pusey and Keble and carried its tradition even into the period of the new Ox ford movement represented by 'Lux Mundi,' a work by Charles Gore (q.v.) which he ardently controverted. He also was prominent in the controversies concerning the Public Worship Regulation Act, which he opposed, and the Athanasian Creed, which he defended. An in flexible High Churchman, an uncompromising theologian of the Nicene school and the great est Anglican pulpit orator of his generation, he had much influence even where his rigid dog matism carried no conviction, through the loftiness of his personal character, his trans parent sincerity and a noble eloquence, whose power and sweetness recalled the best utter ances of Bossuet and Massillon, preachers on whom he palpably bestowed much earnest study. During the last years of his life he was en gaged in writing Pusey's life on a voluminous scale, but had completed but three volumes when he died. He was elected bishop of Edin burgh, in I886,. while traveling in the East for his health, but his decline prevented him from accepting. He published many sermons, but the only series likely to prove of permanent im portance is his Bampton Lectures 'On the Di vinity of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ' (1866), which has run into many editions. Con sult Donaldson, A. B., 'Five Great Oxford Preachers' (London 1900) ; Johnston, J. 0., 'Life and Letters of H. P. Liddon' (London 1904) ; Russell, G. W. E., 'H. P. Liddon' (Lon don 1903).
LIE, le, Jonas Lauritz Edemil, Norwegian novelist: b. Eker, Norway, 6 Nov. 1833; d. Christiania, 5 July 1908. He was educated at the University of Christiania, where he culti vated the friendship of Bjornson and Ibsen, and in 1859 settled as a lawyer at Kongsvinger. He
went to Christiania in 1868 to support himself by journalism and literary work and in 1870 be came famous with his novel 'The Visionary.' The profits from its publication enabled him to spend some time in northern Norway and to visit Holland, Belgium, France and Italy. Returning in 1874, he received the poet's pen sion from the Storthing, resided in Dresden 1877-81 and from 1882 till 1891 lived in Paris in comparative retirement, writing most not able works, and in the latter year he went to Rome, from which he returned in 1892 to Nor way. The following are his chief novels and stories: 'Stories and Sketches of Norway' (1872), containing the story entitled 'The Horse of Nordfjord' ; 'The Three-Master Fu ture, or Life in the North' (1873), a series of loosely connected stories or sketches dealing with the life of Norwegian seamen; 'The Pilot and his Wife' (1874), showing a consid erable advance on his earlier works; 'Thomas Ross' (1878) ; 'Adam Schrader' (1879) ; 'Rutland' (1880) ; 'Forward! Scenes of the Sea' (1882) • 'Life's Slaves' (1883), a pow erfully realistic study of a soul involved in the net of circumstance; 'The Family of Gilje' (1884), a lighter story of Norwegian life; 'The Gulf' (1885), treating of the gradual de cline of an old Norwegian family; 'Eight Stories' (1885); 'The Commandant's Daugh ters' (1886), by many regarded as his master piece; 'Two Lives' (1887), a penetrating study in the psychology of marriage; Jons' (1888) ; 'Mischievous Powers' (1889) ; 'Tr°1d) (1891-92) ; (Niobe) (1893), in which his sub ject is family troubles arising out of differing social, political or religious views held by par ents and children; and 'Grandfather' (1895); 'Wulffie and Co.) (1901). He published a vol ume of poems in 1867 and he also wrote sev eral dramas, (Faustina Strozzi> (1875) ; 'Gra bow's Cat' (1880) and 'Merry Wives' (1894). In 1894 he published an important critical work, 'Honore de Balzac, The Man and the Artist.' Lie's chief works were translated into German, English and other languages. He was a realist who, however, avoided the excesses of his school, was especially happy in his por trayal of sailors and the sea and was gifted with a fine sense of humor and profound sym pathy with the humble and the unfortunate and was a master in psychological analysis. A uni form edition of his works was published at Co penhagen in 15 volumes (1902-04). See THE PILOT AND HIS WIFE.