LUINI, Bernardino, ber-nir-deno loo ene, Italian painter: b. Luino, on Lago Mag giore, between 1475 and 1480; d. soon after 1533. He was perhaps the most distinguished representative of the Milanese school, and be •tween 1500 and 1533 was active as a fresco and easel painter in Milan and other places of northern Italy. He began his studies as the pupil of Ambrogio Vorgognone, whose influ ence is plainly seen in his (Pieti) (1510) in the church of Santa Maria della Passione at Milan, though the blandness and delicacy of the early Milanese school is in his work somewhat ani mated and vitalized by the spirit he derived from the study of Leonardo da Vinci, under whose name some of his riper work has fre quently gone. But though his frescoes are full of spiritual faces, and distinguished by the ten derest coloring and the most lifelike movement, he never quite made his own the grandeur in composition and passionate energy which dis tinguish the paintings of Leonardo. Most of his productions are found in Upper Italy. Many of his easel pictures are to be seen in the Ambrosiana (library), Brera (palace) and in private galleries at Milan; others in the ca thedral at Legnano. In the Uffizi at Florence is of Jolm Baptist.' His chief work is 'The Enthroned Madonna with Saint Anthony and Saint Barbara' (1521), a mag nificent fresco in the Brera. Other examples of this painter are now in the Palazo Sciarra at Rome, as well as in the Louvre, the National Gallery of London and the Berlin Museum. Consult the studies by James Mason in Jack's 'Masterpiece in Colour' series; and C. C. Wil liamson in 'Great Masters in Painting and Sculpture' (London 1899).
LUISE, Auguste Wilhelmine Amalie, queen of Prussia: b. Hanover, 10 March 1776; d. Strelitz, 19 July 1810. She lost her mother in her sixth year, and was brought up in charge of her grandmother at Darm stadt. In her 17th year she was married to the Crown Prince, afterward Frederick William III of PruSsia. On her husband's accession to the throne she won all hearts by her beauty, grace and kindness of disposition. Her highest hap piness was found in her husband and children, but she was also a queen who has left a deep impression on the annals of the Prussian court. In her travels with the king through the prov inces she was constantly engaged in helping the poor and unhappy. When the war of 1806 broke out she accompanied her husband to Raumburg and, after the disaster of Jena, to Ktinigsberg and Memel, setting an example to all by her unbroken fortitude. Before Tilsit she hoped to win from Napoleon more favor able conditions for her beloved country and in terceded with the conqueror in vain. She is a household name to this day in Prussia: the Luise foundation for the education of girls was established in her honor, as was the Order of Luise by her husband, the king (3 Aug. 1814). It is the object of this order to honor patriotic and benevolent women of the Prus sian nation. Consult Hudson, 'Life and Times of Louisa, Queen of Prussia' (1874) ; and Adami, Konigin von Preussen' (1888) ; and her correspondence with her husband, pub lished in 1903.