Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 17 >> Loyola to N Y Lockport

Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 17

Loyola
Loyola. Saint Ignatius Loyola, Founder Of The Society Of Jesus: B. 1491, At The Castle Of Loyola, Azpeitia, In Guipuscoa, Spain; D. Rome, 31 July 1556. He Was The Youngest Son Of Beltran Yafiez De Ofiez Y Loyola And Marina Saenz De Licona Y Bakla. Ifiigo, As The Child Was ...

Loyson
Loyson, Charles, Sharl Lwa-zoil (known By His Monastic Name, Pkite Hyncncrite), French Ecclesiastic : B. Orleans, 10 March 1827; D. 1912. He Studied In The College Of Pau And The Ecclesiastical College Of Saint Sulpice, Was Or Dained Priest In 1850, Taught Philosophy At The Seminary Of Avignon And Theology ...

Lubbock
Lubbock, John, 1st Baron Avebury, British Archzeologist And Man Of Science: B. London, 30 April 1834; D. Kingsgate Castle, Near. Ramsgate, Kent, 28 May 1913. He Was Educated At Eton And Joined The Banking Business Of His Father, Sir John William Lub Bock (q.v.), In 1848, Becoming A Partner In ...

Lubeck
Lubeck, Germany, One Of The Three Free City-itates (see Free Arms) And A Constituent Of The German Confederation, Situated On A Low Ridge At The Confluence Of The Wackenitz With The Trave, 38 Miles Northeast Of Ham Burg And 12 Miles From The Gulf Of Liibeck, On The Baltic. It ...

Lubin
Lubin, David, American Agriculturist, Founder Of The International Institute Of Agri Culture: B. Poland, Of Jewish Parents, 10 June 1849; D. Rome, Italy, 1 Jan. 1919. He Was Taken To England When He Was Two Years Old. On His Father's Death, David's Mother Married Again And They Emigrated To America. ...

Lubricants
Lubricants, Substances Having A Low Degree Of Cohesion Applied To Solid Surfaces Rubbing Against Each Other; The Object Being To Reduce The Friction At The Points Of Contact. The Theory As To Lubricants Is That They Interpose An Almost Frictionless Film Between The Sur Faces To Which They Are Applied. ...

Lucca
Lucca, Italy, The Capital Of The Province Of Lucca, And Former Capital Of The Ancient Tuscan Republic And Duchy Of Lncca At The Base Of The Apennines, Near The Left Bank Of The Serchio, 37 Miles By Rail Northwest Of Florence, And 26 Miles From The Mediterranean. En Circled By ...

Lucerne
Lucerne, 10-serre, (fr. Lfi-sarne), Swit Zerland, The Capital Of The Canton Of Lucerne, And One Of The Three Seats Of The Swiss Diet, On An Acclivity At The Northwest End Of Lake Lucerne. The Reuss, Which Issues From The Lake And Flows Through The Town, Is Crossed By Five Bridges, ...

Lucian
Lucian, Lii'shi-an, Greek Author: B. Sa Mosata, Syria, About 125 A.d. ; D. Egypt Toward The Close Of The 2d Century A.d. He Went To Antioch And Devoted Himself First To Law And Afterward To Rhetoric, And Traveled In Several Countries (among Others, Greece, Italy, Spain And Gaul) As A ...

Lucifer
Lucifer. Of Vondel's Voluminous Works The Favorite With The Dutch Is 'gysbrecht Van Amstel,' But 'lucifer' (1654) Has A More Universal Interest Because Of Its Start Ling Subject Matter, Which Combines The Naiveté Of The Medimval Religious Play With Ultramodern Boldness Of Thought. Lucifer, The Stadholder Of God, Fearing The ...

Lucknow
Lucknow, India, Former Capital Of Oudh, 666 Miles Northwest Of Calcutta And 885 Miles From Bombay. It Is Situated On Both Banks Of The Gumti, And Is Connected By The Oudh And Rohlkund Line With The General In Dian Railway System. The Cantonment Is In The Southeast Corner Of The ...

Lucullus
Lucullus, Lucius Licinius, Roman Soldier Of The 1st Century A.c. When A Young Man He Served With Distinction In The Marsic War, And Accompanied Sulla As Qumstor Into Asia On The Breaking Out Of The Mithridatic War, 88 B.c. He Expelled Mithridates From Chios And Colophon And Defeated Him Off ...

Ludendorff
Ludendorff, General Von, German 'soldier: B. Posen, Prussia, 1865. He Passed Out Of The War Academy In 1895 And Was Soon Afterward Appointed To The Great General Staff In Berlin, Where His High Mental Attainments Won Him Recognition And Rapid Advancement. A Born Soldier, Strong-willed, Endowed With An Iron Constitution ...

Ludlow
Ludlow, James Meeker, American P,resbyterian Clergyman And Author: B. Eliza Beth, N. J., 15 March 1841. He Was Gradu Ated From Princeton In 1861, From The Prince Ton Theological Seminary In 1864, Entered The Presbyterian Ministry And Was Pastor Of The First Presbyterian Church Of Albany 1864-68 And Of The ...

Ludlow_2
Ludlow, William, American Soldier: B. Islip, Long Island, N. Y., 27 Nov. 1843; D. Con Vent, N. J., 30 Aug. 1901. He Was Graduated From West Point In 1864, Entered The Engineer Service, Was Chief Engineer Of The 20th Corps In The Georgia Campaign (july-september 1864), In 1864-65 Was Engineer ...

Ludwig
Ludwig, Looevdc, Otto, German Drama Tist And Writer Of Short Stories: B. Eisfeld, Thuringen, 12 Feb. 1813; D. Dresden, 25 Feb. 1865. His Father, Ernst Friedrich Ludwig (d. 20 Jan. 1825), Was A Well-known Central German Wrist; His Mother's Maiden Name Was Sophie Christiane Otto (d. 21 Nov. 1831). He ...

Luini
Luini, Bernardino, Ber-nir-deno Loo Ene, Italian Painter: B. Luino, On Lago Mag Giore, Between 1475 And 1480; D. Soon After 1533. He Was Perhaps The Most Distinguished Representative Of The Milanese School, And Be •tween 1500 And 1533 Was Active As A Fresco And Easel Painter In Milan And Other ...

Luke
Luke, Author Of The Third Gospel And Of The °acts Of The Apostles.* From The Letters Of Paul We Learn That Luke Was An Honored Fellow-worker, A Physician By Profession And A Companion Of The Apostle In Imprisonment. In His Own Two Historical Works He Furnishes Con Siderable Information As ...

Luke
Luke, Gospel According To. This Gos Pel, Like Matthew, Conforms In General To The Outline Of Mark, On Which Consequently It Is Generally Regarded As Dependent, But Luke Contains A Much Greater Amount Of Narrative Material Independent Of Mark Than Does Matthew. Contents.—the Following Is The General Out Line Of ...

Lully
Lully, Lull, Lull, Or Lul, Raimon (docros Illuminatus), Spanish Scholastic: B. Palma, Majorca, 1235; D. At Sea In Sight Of Palma 1315. After Having Been Attached To The Court Of James I Of Aragon And Leading A Dissolute Life, He Retired To A Cell On His Estate, Where He Lived ...

Lumber Industry In The
Lumber Industry In The United States, The. The Early History Of Lumbering In The United States Is Substantially The History Of The Country's Settlement. Wood Afforded The Early Settlers Their Building Material And Their Fuel. Forest Areas Had To Be Cleared For Cultivation And It Was Possible To Use But ...

Lumbricoid
Lumbricoid, From Latin Lumbrieus, Intestinal Worm, And The Greek Eidel Form. One Of The Nematodes Or Round Worms, Which Are Classed In Four Families: (1) As Carides, (2) Strongylides, (3) Trichotrachelides And (4) Filariz. In The First Is The Ascaris Lum Bricoides, Known At Least 2,000 Years; Aristotle Naming Them, ...

Luminosity Of Animals
Luminosity Of Animals Is Most Familiar To Us In The Fire-fly And Glow-worm, On Land, And In What Is Called Phosphorescence, At Sea; With Regard To The Latter Popular Term, Arising Naturally From The Resemblance To The Wavering Light Of Phosphorus, It May Be Said That The Phenomenon Has Nothing ...

Luna
Luna, Loo'na, Alvaro De, Spanish Poet, Constable And Leading Spirit Of The Reign Of John Ii: B. 1388; Executed Valladolid, 22 June 1453. A Natural Son Of Alvaro De Luna, A Rich Spanish Noble, He Was Nephew Of The Famous "anti-pope" Benedict Xiii And Near Relative Of The Count Of ...

Lundy
Lundy, Benjamin, American Abolition Ist: B. Hardwick. Warren County, N. J., 4 Jan. 1789; D. Lowell, La Salle County, Ill., 22 Aug. 1839. His Parents Were Members Of The Soci Ety Of Friends. At 19 Be Removed To Wheel Ing, Then In Virginia, Where He Labored As An Apprentice To ...

Lundys Lane
Lundy's Lane, Battle Of, Also Called The Battle Of Niagara, Or Battle Of Bridgewater, A Severe Engagement Fought On Canadian Soil Near Niagara Falls, 23 July 1814, Between Brit Ish And American Forces. Two Days After The Defeat Of The British Under General Riall At Chippewa By Brigadier-general Scott 5 ...

Luneburg
Luneburg, Lu'ne-boork, Germany, Capi Ital City Of The Government District Of The Same Name In The Province Of Hanover, On The Navi Gable Ilmenau River. It Contains Many Ancient Dwellings But The Well-laid-out Gardens Of The Suburbs Give The Place A Modern Aspect. There Are Four Churches Including The Catholic, ...

Lungs
Lungs, The Principal Organs Of Respi Ration In Air-breathing Vertebrates. They Are Enclosed The Chest, An Air-tight Chamber Which, Mainly By Means Of The Diaphragm Acts As A Bellows And Moves The Air In And Out•of Them. The Purpose Of The Inhalation Of Air Is To Supply Oxygen To The ...

Lupus
Lupus, A Generic Term Used To Describe Several Varieties Of Chronic Localized Infiltrations Of The Skin. The Most Common Of These Are Lupus Erythematosus And Lupus Vulgaris. The Former Occurs In Slightly Elevated, Scaly, Red Patches, Varying In Size, Which Show A Strong Tendency To The Production Of Atrophic Scars. ...

Lusiads
Lusiads, The. Lusiadas') By Camoens (luis De Camties, 1524 Or 1525-1580), Published In 1572, Is The Great Portuguese National Epic And Is By Far The Out Standing Masterpiece Of Portuguese Literature, As Also One Of The Great Epics Of The Modern World. More Than Possibly Any Other Epic ...

Lusitania
Lusitania, British Cunard Liner, Tor Pedoed And Sunk By A German Submarine 10 Miles Off Old Head Of Kinsale, On The South Western Coast Of Ireland, At 2.05 P.m. On Friday, 7 May 1915. The Lusitania Was Built By The Firm Of John Brown And Company And Launched On 7 ...

Luther
Luther, Martin, German Religious Re Former: B. Eisleben, Saxony, 10 Nov. 1483; D. There, 18 Feb. 1546. Hans Luther, His Father, A Miner In Very Humble Circumstances, Removed With His Family To Mansfeld In 1484, And In The Course Of Time Was Appointed To A Seat In The Council. Martin ...

Lutheran Church In America
Lutheran Church In America. Early The First Lutherans In Amer Ica Came From Holland During The Thirty Years' War On Account Of Religious Oppression, And Settled In The Colony Of New Netherlands. The Exact Year Of Their Arrival Is Not Known; Some Seem To Have Come With The Very First ...

Lutheranism
Lutheranism. The First Of The 95 Theses Which Martin Luther Affixed To The Door Of The Castle-church Of Wittenberg On 31 Oct. 1517, Read As Follows: Lord And Master, Jesus Christ, Saying, Repent Ye, Would Have The Whole Life Of Believers To Be Repentance) This Academic Act Has Been Generally ...

Lutzow
Lutzow, Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm, Baron Of, Prussian General: B. Berlin, 18 May 1782; D. Berlin, 6 Dec. 1834. He Is Renowned As The Leader Of The Noted Freischar (volunteer Cavalry). He Entered The Ranks (1795) Of The Prussian Guards, Fought In The Reizenstein Rwiment (1806) At Auerstadt, And Joined The ...

Luxemburg
Luxemburg (fr. Liik-son-boor, Ger. Look'sem-boorg), Ef, Northwest Ern Europe, An Independent State, Bounded North, East And South By Germany, Southwest By France And West By Belgium; Greatest Length, North To South 55 Miles; Greatest Breadth, 34 Miles; Area, 99l Square Miles. It Forms Part Of The Plateau Of The Ardennes, ...

Luzan
Luzan, Loo-thiin, Ignacio De, Spanish Writer: B. Zuragoza, 1702; D. Madrid, 19 May 1754. He Was Son Of Antonio De Luthn, Lord Of Castillazuelo And Governor Of Aragon, While His Mother Belonged To. The Family Of The Counts Of Villar. He Was Graduated With The Degree Of Doctor Of Theology ...

Luzenberg
Luzenberg, Loo'z'en'berg, Charles Alo Ysius, American Physician: B. Verona, Italy, 1805; D. 1848. He Was Educated At London And At Weissenburg College, Alsace. Leaving Italy For The United States In His 14th Year, He Sub Sequently Received A Medical Education At The Jefferson Medical College Of Philadelphia. He Removed To ...

Luzon
Luzon, Loo-zon' (sp. Loo-thon'), Philip Pines, The Largest, Most Populous And Wealthy And With The Exception Of The Batines And Babuyines Groups, The Northernmost Island Of The Philippine Archipelago, Lying South-south West Of Japan And South-southeast Of China. It Lies Between Lat. 12° 32' And 18° 39' N. And Between ...

Lyceum
Lyceum (latin, From The Greek Lykeion The Great Gymnasium Of Ancient Athens), A School Of Higher Education Preparatory To The Work Of The University; And In A Secondary Sense, A Public Building Or Hall In Which Lectures Of A Scientific And Informative Nature Are Given. A Later Meaning Of The ...

Lycidas
Lycidas, Its'l-das. A Pastoral Elegy Con Tribbted By John Milton To A Memorial Vol Ume Published At Cambridge In 1638 In Honor Of Edward King, A Prospective Parish Priest. Who While On A Voyage To Ireland, Perished In A Shipwreck Off The Welsh Coast In August 1637. Little Is Known ...

Lycurgus
Lycurgus, Li-lciegfis, Spartan Lawgiver; Flourished In The 9th Century B.c., According To The Commonly Received Traditions. He Was The Youngest Son Of The Spartan King Eunomus. His Eldest Brother, Polydectos, Succeeded His Father In The Government, But Died Soon After. His Wife Proposed To Lycurgus To Destroy Her Unborn Child ...

Lydia
Lydia, Asia Minor, The Name Of An Ancient Large And Fertile Country, Inhabited Along The Coast Of The Ionian Sea By The Ionians. Toward The South It Was Separated From Caria By The Maunder (now Meinder) ; Toward The East It Was Bounded By Phrygia And On The North By ...

Lyman
Lyman, Li'man, Benjamin Smith, Amer Ican Geologist And Mining Engineer: B. North Ampton, ,mass., 11 Dec. 1835. He Was Educated In The Common Schools, Followed By One Year Of Private Tuition, Then By One Year At Phillips Exeter Academy And Three Years At Harvard College, Receiving The Degree Of A.b ...

Lymph
Lymph. The Fluid Contained In The Lym Phatic Glands And In The Lacteals (q.v.). It Is Elaborated Primarily By The Assimilation Of Food, And Is Also Obtained From The Blood And Tissues, The System Of Vessels In Which It Is Contained Ramifying Throughout The Bodies Of Vertebrates. The Clearest And ...

Lymphatic Glands
Lymphatic Glands, Small Organs, Round And Smooth And Comparatively Solid, Which Form Part Of The Lymphatic System In Vertebrates. (see Lacteals; Lymph). Into These, Sooner Or Later In Their Course, The Other Lymphatic Vessels Run, And From Them Emerge Again. The Lymphatic Glands Are Highly Im Portant Structures, Since Only ...

Lynchburg
Lynchburg, Va., City Campbell County, On The James River And On The Norfolk And Western, The Southern And The Chesapeake And Ohio Railroad 174 Miles South-southwest Of Washington. The City Is Situated In A River Valley Which Forms A Pass Through The Moun Tains. The Irregularity Of The Surface Upon ...

Lyndhurst
Lyndhurst, Lind'herst, John Singleton Copley, Baron, English Lawyer And Statesman: B. Boston, 21 May 1772; D. London, 12 Oct. 1863. His Father Was The Well-known Painter Of The Same Name. He Was Taken To Eng Land In Early Infancy, His Parents Having Gone To Reside In London. He Was Educated ...

Lynn
Lynn, Lin, Mass., City In Essex County, On Massachusetts Bay, And On The Boston And Maine, The Boston, Revere Beach And Lynn Railroads, About 10 Miles Northeast Of Boston And Five Miles Southwest Of Salem. Area, Nearly 12 Square Miles. Lynn Was First Settled In 1629 By Edmund And Francis ...

Lyon
Lyon, Mary, American Educator: B. Buckland, Mass., 28 Feb. 1797; D. South Had Ley, Mass., 5 March 1849. She Began Teaching At 18, And Later Studied At The Sanderson Acad Emy, Ashfield, And At The Byfield Academy, Near Newburyport, Continuing To Teach At Intervals. In 1821 She Began Teaching At ...

Lyon_2
Lyon, Matthew, American Politician: B. Wicklow County, Ireland, 1746; D. Spadra Bluff, Ark., 1 Aug. 1822. He Went To New York In 1755, And, Being Too Poor To Pay For His Passage, Was Bound Out By The Captain Of The Ship To A Farmer In Connecticut, In Whose Service He ...

Lyon_3
Lyon, Nathaniel, American Soldier: H. Ashford, Conn., 14 July 1818; D. Wilson's Creek, Mo., 7 Aug. 1861. He Was Graduated From West Point In 1841; Served In The Mexi Can War 1846-47, Being Present At The Siege Of Vera Cruz And The Assault On The City Of Mex Ico; And ...

Lyons
Lyons, Worm, Or Lyon, France, The Former Capital Of Lyonnais And Now Of The Department Of The Rhone, 320 Miles By Rail Southeast Of Paris, And 170 Miles North Of Mar Seilles, Is The Second City Of Industrial And Mili Tary Importance And The Third In Point Of Popu Lation ...

Lyric Poetry
Lyric Poetry. The Origins Of Lyric Poetry Are Merged With Those Of Narrative, Be Cause Of The Primitive Conditions Under Which The Distinction Between These Types Did Not Ex Ist,— That Is, When There Was No Clearly Felt Difference Between The Relating Of An Incident And The Expression Of The ...

Lysander
Lysander, Spartan General: D. 395. His Father Was Aristocritus, A Lace Dsemonian Of The Purest Blood, Heinct Of Hera Cleidan Descent, His Mother A Helot Who Brought Him Up In Poverty. His Fine Qualities, However, Procured Him The Command Of The Spartan Fleet Off The Coasts Of Asia Minor (408). ...

Lysimeter
Lysimeter (a Rain Gauge) From Two Greek Words, Lysis, Dissolving, And Metron, Measure, An Invention For Collecting And Meas Uring The Rain That Percolates Through The Soil; And Also For The Study Of The Composition Of Drainage Water. The Lysimeter Is A Water Tight Box (or Cylinder), Enclosing A Definite ...

Lytton
Lytton, Lit'on, Edward Robert Bulwer Lytton, Earl Or, English Poet And Diploma Tist : B. London, 8 Nov. 1831; D. Paris, 24 Nov. 1891. He Was The Only Son Of The Well-known Novelist, Bulwer-lytton (q.v.). He Was Edu Cated At Harrow And Bonn, And Entered The Diplomatic Service In 1849, ...

Maurice Francis Egan
Maurice Francis Egan, Envoy Extraordinary And Minister Plenipoten Tiary To Denmark. Leo, Le O, The Name Of Six Rulers Of The Byzantine Empire, As Follows: Leo I (surnamed Thrax, Magnus And Makelles), Emperor: B. Thrace, About 400; D. 474. He Was A Military Tribune At The Death Of Marcian In ...

Mckay
Mckay Sewen (or Simply "mckay"). — A Method Of Shoe Making Named For The Inventor. The Upper Is Lasted Over An Innersole. The Last Is Then Removed, And The Outsole Is Sewed On By A Thread Which Goes Straight Through From The Outside, Catching The Upper And Innersole, With The ...

Mexican Literature
Mexican Literature). The Period Under Consideration Produced A Great Amount Of Verse, Apart From The Rhymed Chronicles. Much Of This Has Been Lost And Such Of It As Has Been Preserved Is, On The Whole, Not Of A Very High Class (see Mexican Litera Ture For An Account Of Literature ...

Mexico And Central America
Mexico And Central America. Central America Has Owed Much Of Its Ocean-transportation Service To The Development Of Its Banana Industry, As This Has Brought About The Establishment Of The Steamship Lines Of The United Fruit Company. The Vessels Of This Company Have Provided The East Coast Of Central America With ...

N J Long Branch
Long Branch, N. J., City, In Mon Mouth County, On The Atlantic Ocean, And On The Pennsylvania, The New Jersey Southern And The Central Of • New Jersey Railroads, About 35 Miles By Water, 45 Miles By Rail And 30 Miles In Direct Line South Of New York City. Long ...

N Y Little Falls
Little Falls, N. Y., City, In Herki Mer County, On The Mohawk River, The New York State Barge Canal And On The West Shore And The New York Central And Hudson River Railroads, Midway Between Albany And Syracuse. The Country Around Is Rolling And Diversified By Many Low Hills. Hut ...

N Y Lockport
Lockport, N. Y., City, County-seat Of Niagara County; On The New York Barge Canal, And On The Erie, The International And The New.york Central Railroads, 12 Miles From Lake Ontario, 20 Miles East Of Niagara Falls, And About 25 Miles North By East Of Buffalo. It Was Settled In 1823 ...