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Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 17

N Y Long Island
Long Island, N. Y., An Insular Pro Jection Which Forms The Southeasternmost Por Tion Of The State And Is Connected By Five Bridges And Several Ferries Across East River With Manhattan Island, New York City. It Is Bounded On The North By Long Island Sound, Separating It Mainly From The ...

N Y Lyons
Lyons, N. Y., Village, County-seat Of Wayne County, On The Erie And New Barge Canal System. Is 49 Miles West Of Syracuse And 36 Miles East By South Of Rochester. On The Main Line Of The New York Central, West Shore And Rochester, Syracuse And Eastern Railway Systems, Being The ...

National Library Of France
National Library Of France). Next In Im Portance To The Bibliotheque Nationale Is The Bibliotheque Saint Genevieve, Founded By Cardi Nal De Rochefoucauld In 1642. Originally It Was The Library Of The Abbey Of Saint Genevieve, Which He Gathered Upon His Appointment As Abbot. From This Small Beginning, It De ...

Neon
Neon. In 1898, Sir William Ramsey Dis Covered This Gas In The Atmosphere. He Secured It By Means Of The Distillation Of Liquefied Air. Claude Has Since Developed The Process Of Sep Aration Of The Elements Of The Air By Liquefac Tion To A Point Which Allows The Production Of ...

Netherlands
Netherlands. The Netherlands Has Long Been A Centre Of Culture And There Were Many Excellent Public And Private Collections During The .era Of Their Greatest Prosperity. Popular Libraries Have Been In Existence For Centuries, But Belgium And Holland Fell Behind The States Of Europe During The 19th Century. Since 1900, ...

Nitrogen
Nitrogen, A Colorless, Odorless Gas, Non Inflammable Under Ordinary Conditions And Non-explosive. The Density Of Pure Nitrogen Under Normal Temperature And Pressure Condi Tions Is 0.96737. The Density Of Atmospheric Nitrogen (containing The Inert Gases) Is 0.97209. The Atomic Weight Of Nitrogen Is 14.01. The Critical Pressure Is 35 Atmospheres, ...

Nitrous Oxide
Nitrous Oxide. Nitrogen Monoxide— Nitrous Oxide — Laughing Gas — Nr0 — Specific Gravity 1.52—atomic Weight 43.76. A Colorous Gas Possessing A Pleasant, Slightly Sweet Smell And Taste. Used Largely By Surgeons And Den Tists—preferably With A Small Admixture Of Oxygen As A General Anaesthetic. It Is Not In Flammable ...

Norbert Wiener Law
Norbert Wiener. Law, American Schools Of. Among The Notable Features Of Educational Progress In The United States During The 19th Century, There Was, Possibly, None More Remarkable In Scope Or Destined To Exert Weightier Influence Upon The Future Of The Nation Than The Marvelous In Crease In Number And Growth ...

Novel Romance
Novel; Romance. The Drama Is Fiction Presented Not In The Words Of The Author, But Solely Through The Action And Speech Of The Imagined Characters. This Type Is Commonly Classified As Comedy And Tragedy; Formerly Comedy Was Distin Guished As Dealing With Unimportant Person Ages And With The Complications Of ...

Order Hymenomycetales
Order Hymenomycetales : Hymenophore Ex Posed On A Pileus. Family Thelephoracea: Hymenophore Smooth, Mycelium Filamentous Or Thalloid (in Cora, Rhipidonema, Dictyonema, And Laudatea). Dins Gasreawitvcrraus: Hymenophore En Closed In Peridium. Family Scierodermatacea: Peridium Broad Subsessile, Gleba Excavate, Mycelium Filamen Tous, Or Thalloid In Emericella. Distribution And Lichens Are Dis Tributed ...

Oxygen
Oxygen. Historical.-- Oxygen Was Rec Ognized By Its Properties As Far Back As The 8th Century Among The Chinese Who Knew That The "active" Component Of The Air Combines With Some Metals, With Sulphur And With Char Coal And That This Active Component Could Be Obtained Pure From Saltpetre And ...

Ozone
Ozone, A Colorless Gas, An Allotropic Form Of Oxygen, Having A Peculiar Odor Like That Of Chlorine And Extreme Chemical Activity. Its Density Is One And One-half Times That Of Oxygen And It Is Changed Into Oxygen Only At A High Temperature. Ozone Is Found In Country Atmos Phere To ...

Petticoat Or Draft
Petticoat Or Draft The Pipe Through Which The Exhaust-steam Is Conducted To The Exhaust-nozzles In The Smoke-box, Thus Creating A Partial Vacuum In The Smoke-box, Which Sucks The Smoke And Gases Out Of The Flues With Great Power, And Forces Them Out Into The Open Air By The Blast Or ...

Poetry
Poetry. For The Definition Of Poetry In General, See Under Poetry. Poetic Literature Is Commonly Classified As Narrative, Lyrical, Or Dramatic, Though There Are Certain Other Subsidiary Kinds. This Distinction Is Primarily Based On The Poet's Subject Matter And His Relation To It. In Nar Rative Poetry The Principal Subject ...

Prose Literature
Prose Literature. The Essay Is The Simplest Form Of Prose Dis Course, And The Form Most Closely Related To The °literature Of Knowledge?' In The Least Devel Cpcd Type It May Be Looked Upon As A Collection Of Gnomic Sayings Or Aphorisms And Be Called Gnomic Or Aphoristic. In The ...

Rubber
Rubber Heels.— These Are Made For Use In Either Men's Or Women's Shoes, Being Supplied To Stores And Attached There. Rubber Shoes.— There Is A Considerable Variety Of Pattern In Rubber Footwear, From The Low "footholds" To The Fisher Man's Hip Length Boot. The Most Common Use Is As An ...

Russia
Russia. ''the First Library Ever Known In Russia Was Organized In The 11th Century When The Great Duke Yaroslaw, The Sage, Ordered Several Books On Religion To Be Copied And Kept In The Church Of Saint Sofia, At (mme. Haff Kin-hamburger,
Scandinavia
Scandinavia. Prior To The Latter Part Of The 19th Century There Was No General Interest In Library Develop Ment In The Scandinavian Countries. There Were A Few Collections In The Larger Cities And The Universities Possessed Libraries, But None Of These Were Extensive. During The Last Few Dec Ades, However, ...

Side
Side Leather.— Ca Whide, Split To Thickness Adapting It For Use For Uppers Of Shoes Or Purpc.,es. There Is A Great Variety Of Finish • Lc. And Variety In Quality. The Usual R • Of Finishing Tanned Includes Ncludes Cutting The Lode In Two Down The Back Making Two "sides" ...

Sir Lawrence
Lawrence, Sir Thomas, English Por Trait Painter: B. Bristol, 4 May 1769; 4. Lon Don, 7 Jan.' 1830. His Father Was An Inn Keeper, Who In 1772 Removed To Devizes. Where The Artist Gave Early Proof Of His Ability By Drawing Portraits Of His Father's Guests Or, Standing On A ...

Sir Lee
Lee, Sir Sidney (formerly Solostox Laz Arus ) , English Author And Editor: B. London, 5 Dec. 1859. He Was Educated At The City Of London School And At Balliol College, Oxford, From Which He Was Graduated In 1882. In 1883 He Became Assistant Editor Of The (dictionary Of National ...

Sir Lodge
Lodge, Sir Oliver Joseph, English Physicist: B. Penkhull, Staffordshire, 12 June 1851. He Was Educated At University College, London, Became Demonstrator In Physics There In 1875, And Professor Of The Same Subject In 1877. He Was Professor Of Physics At Univer Sity College, Liverpool, 1881-1900, And In The Latter Year ...

Spain Ani Portugal
Spain Ani) Portugal. The Interest Shown In Libraries In Spain, Prior To The End Of The 19th Century, Has Not Been Very Keen. Indeed Many Old Col Lections Have Stood Still Or Deteriorated. Re Cently, However, There Has Been A Revival, Par Titularly In The Larger Cities, And Considerable Advance ...

Stephen Pfeil Law
Stephen Pfeil. Law, In Science And In Philosophy, A Gen Eral Formula Expressing Either A De Facto Uni Formity Of Nature As We Actually Find It Or A Necessary Property Of All Conceivable Worlds. The First Type Is Exemplified By The Law Of Gravi Tation, Which Asserts That Two Particles ...

Sulphur Dioxide
Sulphur Dioxide. Sulphur Dioxide (so,) Is Found Free In Considerable Quantities In Nature, In Certain Volcanic Emanations, And Being An Exothermic Compound It Is Readily Formed Together With A Trace Of So, By Burn Ing Sulphur In The Air: S Os= So, + 71.6 Cals., And 1 Kilo Of Sulphur ...

Switzerland
Switzerland. Switzerland Has Many Libraries (5,798 In 1917) In Comparison With Its Population And Area. Only Seven Of These, However, Contain More Than 200,000 Volumes. The Majority Of These Are Cantonal Or Communal Collections. There Are, However, 1,335 Devoted To Science Or Technology. This Showing Is All The More Re ...

United States
United States. Progress In America.— From One Of The Poorest-lighted Coasts, The American Atlantic Seaboard, Within A Quarter Of A Century, Be Came One Of The Best In The World, With A New System Of Lighthouses And Signal Lights Far More Comprehensive Than Anything Hereto Fore Attempted. The Cape Hatteras ...

United States
United States. Origins.— Library History In America Be Gins With The First Permanent Settlement In The New World By The English. At Jamestown It Was Proposed To Establish A College, And The Minutes Of The Virginia Company Record A Gift Of Books To The Institution. The Indian Massacre Of 1622, ...

Very Rev Andrew B
Very Rev. Andrew B. Meehan, Saint Bernard's Seminary, Rochester, N. Y. Law, Civil. See Civil Law. Law, Commercial.. See Commercial Law. Law, Common. See Common Law. Law, Constitutional, That Part Of Public Law Which Regulates The Political Organization Of A State And So Named Because Usually Em Bodied In A ...

Washington City Arlington
Arlington, Washington City, P. 0.. April 20, 1861. Honorable Si711071 Cameron. Secretary Of War. Have The Honor To Tender The Resignation Of My Commission As Colonel Of The First Regiment Of Cavalry. Very Respectfully Your Obedient Servant, It. E. Lel Colonel First Cavalry. Having Once Decided The Question He Never ...

Or Bald Hill Leggetts
Leggett's, Or Bald Hill, Battle Of, An Engagement Of The Civil War, Near Atlanta, Ga. The Battle Of Peachtree Creek (q.v.), 20 July 1864, Was A Confederate Defeat. On The 21st General Sherman Advanced Strong Skir Mish-lines To Within About Two Miles Of The Works Surrounding Atlanta. In The Morning ...

Or Basswood Linden
Linden, Or Basswood, A Genus Of Trees (tilia) Of The Family Tiliacete, Ordinarily Known As Basswoods In The United States. The Species, Of Which There Are About A Dozen, Are Natives Of The Northern Temperate Zone And More Or Less Resemble Each Other In General Appearance. They Are Characterized By ...

Or Derry Londonderry
Londonderry, Or Derry, Ireland, City, Seaport, County Borough, Parliamentary Borough And Assize Town In The County Of The Same Name, Province Of Ulster, On The Foyle, 23 Miles From Its Mouth And 95 Miles By Rail North-northwest Of Belfast. Waterside, A Sub Urb On The Opposite River Bank, Is United ...

Or Judg Lynch Law
Lynch Law, Or Judg,e Lynch, A Name For Irregular Punishment, Especially Capi Tal, Inflicted By Private Individuals Independ Ently Of The Legal Authorities. Extra Judicial Punishments In States Which Are In A Condition Of Loose Organization Have Been Common In All Ages, As The Vehnqerichte In Germany, The Lydford Law ...

Or Leon De Los
Leon, Or Leon De Los Aldamas, Mexico, State Of Guanajuato, The First City In Population And Second In Commercial Import Ance In The State. The Distance From Leon To The United States Border At El Paso Tex., Is 996 Miles, To Guanajuato, 34 Miles Anti To Mex Ico City 258 ...

Or Liverworts
Liverworts, Or Hepatic/e, A Group Of Plants, Forming One Of The Two Divisions Of The Class Br9ophyta Or Muse-lima (moss-warts), And Closely Related To The True Mosses (musci), With Which Some Of The Species Are Apt To He Confounded. They Are Either Spread Out In The Form Of A Simple ...

Or Lobatchew Sky Lobachevsky
Lobachevsky, Or Lobatchew Sky, Nicholas Ivanovitch, Russian Mathema Tician: B. Makareif, Nyni-novgorod, 1793; D. 24 Feb. 1856. He Entered The University Of Kazan In 1807, Became Assistant Professor Of Mathematics In 1814 And Extraordinary Pro Fessor In 1816. In 1823 He Became Ordinary Professor Retaining His Chair (in Addition Being ...

Or Panther Leopard
Leopard, Or Panther, One Of The Great Cats Widely Distributed Over Africa And Asia, And Prehistorically Prevalent In Southern, Europe. The General Color Is Yellowish Fawn, Which Becomes White On The Under Aspect Of The Body, Marked With Black Spots Of Various Sizes, Irregularly Dispersed; These Spots Are Often Rosette-like, ...

Or Tories Loyalists
Loyalists, Or Tories, In American History, Those Persons Who Remained Loyal To Great Britain During The Revolutionary War. The Issue Of Independence Divided The American Colonies Into Two Parties: Whig And Tory, Or Patriot And Loyalist. No Contempo Rary Figures Exist Which Enable The Respective Numbers Of The Two Parties ...