McDONALD, James Alexander, Canadian jurist : b. 1858, Huron County, Ontario. He was educated at the University of Toronto, be came a barrister in 1890 and kings counsel in 1906. He engaged in practice in Toronto until 1896 when he removed to Rossland, B. C., where he practised until 1909. He was a member of the Rossland legislature in 1903-09, when he resigned to become chief justice of the Court of Appeals, British Columbia.
McDONALD, James Alexander, Canadian clergyman and journalist: b. Middlesex County, Ontario, 22 Jan. 1862. He studied at Hamilton College and the universities of Toronto and Edinburgh, and was graduated from Knox Col lege, Toronto, in 1887. He was ordained a min ister in the Presbyterian Church in 1881 and became pastor of Knox Church, Saint Thomas, Ontario. He resigned in 1896 to become the first editor of • the Westminster, a religious monthly. He afterward edited the Presby terian; and in 1902-16 he was managing editor of the Globe. He was a delegate to the Impe rial Press Conference, London, England, in 1909, one of the founders of the Canadian Au thor's Club in 1899, and has been a member of the board of governors of the University' a Toronto since 1906. Author of The Signifi cance of Lincoln' ; 'What a Newspaper Man Saw in Britain' (1911); and the Nations,' etc.
McDONALD, James Ramsay, British poli tician: b. Lossiemouth, Scotland, 1866. He early entered politics, became secretary of the Labor party in 1900-11, and in 1906-09 was president of the Independent Labor party. He was the leader of the Labor party in 1911-14. In 1901-04 he was a member of the London county council. Author of (Socialism and Society' (1905) • (Socialism and Government' (1909) ; The Social Unrest' (1913) ; 'National Defence.> MacDONALD, Jams Wilson Alexander, American sculptor: b. •'Steubenville, Ohio, 25 Aug. 1824; d. 14 Aug. 1908. He studied under Waugh in Saint Louis and in New York in 1849. Among his numerous works are statues of (Joan of Arc' ; Edward Bates (1876) in Forest Park, Saint Louis; General Custer, at West Point; Fitz-Greene Halleck in Central Park, New York; an equestrian statue of Gen. Nathaniel Lyon; numerous busts, in cluding that of Washington, in Prospect Park, Brooklyn, and those of Bryant, Cooper and Weed. He owned Houdon's original model, and from it prepared several busts of Washing ton. He also painted portraits and landscapes and lectured on art, etc.