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Milk Fish

animals, formerly and western

MILK FISH, a clupeod fish (Chanos cha nos) common in the Pacific Ocean and valu able as a food fish. It attains a length of about four feet.


(sometimes called "trembles"), a malignant fever attacking man and some of the lower animals, such as un weaned calves and their mothers, horses and colts, sheep and goats. Formerly it prevailed in the Western and Southwestern States, re cently in North Carolina and Indiana. The cause was formerly supposed to exist in poison ous herbs eaten by cattle, but later researches have established the fact that it is caused by the presence of the Bacillus lactimorbi discov ered by Jordan and Harris in 1907-09. Man is infected by the products of cattle meat, milk, cheese or butter. The disease belongs to the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. The symptoms are headache, loss of appetite. fatigue, nausea, vomiting, thirst, constipation. a foul breath, then a typhoidal condition with coma or convulsions. The prognosis i is gen

erally favorable, but death may occur n a few days. The duration of the disease is from two or three days to as many weeks. The treatment consists in clearing out the intestinal tract, and in administration of sodium bicarbonate. Serum therapy has not yet been successfully tried.

Infected animals should be isolated and no milk or milk products used either for animals or humans.

any of various tropical trees yielding a milky, wholesome sap. See Cow 17tEE.

a pea-plant of the genus Astragals: (see VErcH), regarded as increas ing the flow of milk when eaten by goats. Many species grow in the United States, es pecially on the Western plains, where they are useful fodder-plants, although including one baneful species, the locoweed (q.v.).