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MILLER, Samuel Freeman, American jurist : b. Richmond, Ky., 5 April 1816; d. Washington, D. C., 13 Oct. 1890. He was graduated from the medical department of Transylvania University in 1838 and engaged in practice, but in 1847 he was admitted to the bar and abandoned medicine. He was an ear nest advocate of emancipation of the slaves, and in 1850 freed his own slaves and removed to Keokuk, Iowa, where he established a law practice and changed his political affiliations from the Whig party to the Republican, be coming a party leader in his State. In 1862 he was nominated by President Lincoln to suc ceed Justice Peter V. Daniels as a justice of the United States Supreme Court, where for many years before his death he was senior jus tice. He gained a high reputation for ability and force of character and his decisions car ried great weight. Among his official opinions was that on the Louisiana slaughter-house cases, defining the respective rights of the State and Federal governments; the Kilbourn Thompson Case, defining and limiting the au thority of Congress as a co-ordinate branch of the government; and his motion as a member of the Electoral Commission in 1877, which.

resulted in the decision that Congress War sessed no authority to go behind the returns of legally accredited State officials. He was lected by the Electoral Commission to prepare its report and to go before Congress to explain its decisions. He was president of the.National Conference of the Unitarian Church for three years, and was the principal orator at the cen tennial celebration of the adoption of the United States Constitution held at Philadelphia in 1887. Author of 'Lectures on the Constitu tion of the United States' (1891).