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hampton, low and march

MILLER, William, American religious leader: b. Pittsfield, Mass., 5 Feb. 1782; d. Low Hampton, Washington County, N. Y., 20 Dec. 1849. Most of his education he obtained through books procured by wood-chopping. He became a farmer at Poultney, Vt., in 1803, and in 1816 removed to Low Hampton, N. Y. In the War of 1812 he was captain of a company organized to protect the northern frontier. He was at first a student of Hume, Voltaire, Thomas Paine and Ethan Allen, and an avowed deist; but afterward became a member of the Baptist church at Low Hampton. After a prolonged study of the Bible, enlightened by no help excepting that of a concordance, he began in 1831 to preach the second advent of Christ. He was licensed as a preacher by the church at Low Hampton, but was never ordained. For a time all pulpits except the Roman Catholic and Episcopalian welcomed him. He first set the time of the second com ing as somewhere between 21 March 1843 and 21 March 1844, and on 14 March 1844 pro claimed it as near at hand. Months intervened

and then in October the faithful gathered in their assemblies. At the end of November they dispersed. Many of the Second Adventists, or Millerites, as they were sometimes called, affili ated with other sects, but about 50,000 remained under the direction of Miller, who, on 25 April 1845, called a convention by which a declara tion of faith was adopted, and the name of °Adventist" selected for the sect, which in creased in numbers, and is to-day divided among six branches. Miller assisted in estab lishing in 1840 The Signs of the Times and Exposition of Prophecy, later called the Advent Herald. He published 'Evidence from Scrip ture and History of the Second Corning of Christ about the year 1843 . . . in a Course of Lectures' (1842); a widely-cir culated 'Dream of the Last Day' and other writings. Consult the biographies by Bliss (1853) and White (1875). See ADVENTISTS ;