Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 19 >> Military Surgery to Minnesota >> Millikens Bend

Millikens Bend

richmond, union and gen

MILLIKEN'S BEND, Engagement at. Milliken's Bend, La., on the west bank of the Mississippi, about 15 miles above Vicksburg, was the base of some of the military operations against that place and the lower Mississippi. Early in June 1863, when Grant was besieging Vicksburg from the east, Gen. E. Kirby Smith, commanding the Confederate Department of the Trans-Mississippi, sent Gen. J. G. Walker's division of 4,000 men to seize the place and other points on the river, and open communica tion with General Pemberton, in Vicksburg, with the object of furnishing him supplies, or failing in that, to cover his escape across the river. Walker moved to Alexandria, La., and reported to Gen. it Taylor, commanding in West Louisiana, and was sent in transports up the Washita and Tensas rivers, until abreast of Vicksburg, when he landed and marched across to Richmond. At this time Milliken's Bend was held by Gen. E. S. Dennis, with about 1,400 men, mostly colored troops. A recon noitring party sent out by Dennis was driven back by the Confederates. Walker arrived at Richmond at 10 A.M. on the 6th, and was ordered by Taylor to send one brigade to Young's Point and one to Milliken's Bend, dis tant respectively 20 and 10 miles, and to hold a third brigade in reserve six miles in advance of Richmond. Harris' brigade moved at night

on Young's Point, was delayed and accom plished nothing. Gen. H. E. McCulloch, with a Texas brigade of 1,600 men and 200 cavalry, marched from Richmond at 6 P.M. on the 6th and at 3 A.M.on the 7th, when within one and a half miles of Milliken's Bend, the Union skirmishers were encountered and the Confed erate advance driven back in some disorder; but McCulloch rallied his men and pushed on, driving the Union troops hack slowly to their main line, carrying the Union breastworks, then driving the Union troops to the bank of the river, where two gunboats came to their assist ance and, pouring shells into the ranks of the Confederates, obliged them to withdraw and return to Richmond. The Union loss was 127 killed, 287 wounded and 266 missing; the Con federates lost 44 killed, 131 wounded and 10 missing. Consult 'Official Records' (Vol. XXIV).